"মার্স করোনাভাইরাস" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

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ট্যাগ: মোবাইল সম্পাদনা মোবাইল ওয়েব সম্পাদনা দৃশ্যমান সম্পাদনা
 
==প্রাকৃতিক ভাণ্ডার==
Earlyগবেষণা researchবলে suggestedযে theভাইরাসটি virusমিশরীয় isটম্ব relatedবাদুড়ের toসাথে oneসম্পর্কিত।২০১২ foundসালের inসেপটেম্বরে theরন [[Egyptianফাউচার tombবলেন, bat]].ভাইরাসাটি Inবাদুড় Septemberহতে 2012 Ron Fouchier speculated that the virus might have originated in bats.উদ্ভূত।<ref name=NPRFouchierbats>{{cite news |last=Doucleff |first=Michaeleen | name-list-format = vanc |title=Holy Bat Virus! Genome Hints At Origin Of SARS-Like Virus|url=https://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2012/09/28/161944734/holy-bat-virus-genome-hints-at-origin-of-sars-like-virus|access-date=29 September 2012 |newspaper=[[NPR]]|date=28 September 2012}}</ref> Workবাদুড়ে byউপস্থিত epidemiologistভাইরাসের Ianসাথে Lipkinমানব ofশরীরে [[Columbiaউপস্থিত University]]ভাইরাসে inমিল Newখুঁজে Yorkপান showed thatকলাম্বিয়া theবিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের virusমহামারী isolatedবিশেষজ্ঞ fromইয়ান a bat looked to be a match to the virus found in humans.লিপকিন।<ref name="cnn130313">{{cite news |url= http://www.cnn.com/2013/03/13/health/new-coronavirus-case/|title=Death toll from new SARS-like virus climbs to 9 |first=Saad |last=Abedine | name-list-format = vanc |publisher=CNN |date=13 March 2013 |access-date= 2013-03-13}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Doucleff|first=Michaeleen | name-list-format = vanc |title=Holy Bat Virus! Genome Hints At Origin Of SARS-Like Virus|url=https://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2012/09/28/161944734/holy-bat-virus-genome-hints-at-origin-of-sars-like-virus|access-date=29 September 2012|newspaper=NPR|date=28 September 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal|author=jobs |url=http://www.nature.com/news/deadly-coronavirus-found-in-bats-1.13597 |title=Deadly coronavirus found in bats: Nature News & Comment |journal=Nature |date=2013-08-23 |access-date=2014-01-19|doi=10.1038/nature.2013.13597 }}</ref> 2cঘানার betacoronavirusesনিক্টেরিস wereবাদুড় detectedএবং inইউরোপের ''[[Nycteris]]''পিপিস্ট্রেলাস batsবাদুড়ের inদেহে Ghanaমার্স andকরোনাভাইরাসের ''[[Pipistrellus]]''সাথে batsসম্পর্কিত in২সি Europeবিটাকরোনাভাইরাস thatশনাক্ত are phylogenetically related to the MERS-CoV virus.হয়।<ref name="wwwnc.cdc.gov"/> However the major natural reservoir where humans get the virus infection remained unknown until on 9 August 2013, a report in the journal ''[[The Lancet Infectious Diseases]]'' showed that 50 out of 50 (100%) [[Serum (blood)|blood serum]] from [[Oman]]i camels and {{nowrap|15 of 105}} (14%) from Spanish camels had protein-specific antibodies against the MERS-CoV spike protein. Blood serum from European sheep, goats, cattle, and other camelids had no such antibodies.<ref name="lancet_camel">{{cite journal | vauthors = Reusken CB, Haagmans BL, Müller MA, Gutierrez C, Godeke GJ, Meyer B, Muth D, Raj VS, Smits-De Vries L, Corman VM, Drexler JF, Smits SL, El Tahir YE, De Sousa R, van Beek J, Nowotny N, van Maanen K, Hidalgo-Hermoso E, Bosch BJ, Rottier P, Osterhaus A, Gortázar-Schmidt C, Drosten C, Koopmans MP | title = Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus neutralising serum antibodies in dromedary camels: a comparative serological study | journal = The Lancet. Infectious Diseases | volume = 13 | issue = 10 | pages = 859–66 | date = October 2013 | pmid = 23933067 | doi = 10.1016/S1473-3099(13)70164-6 | hdl = 10261/142869 | doi-access = free }}</ref>
 
Soon after on 5 September 2013 a seroepidemiological study published in the journal of [[Eurosurveillance]] by R.A Perera ''et al.''<ref name="eurosurveillance.org">{{Cite journal|title = Eurosurveillance - Seroepidemiology for MERS coronavirus using microneutralisation and pseudoparticle virus neutralisation assays reveal a high prevalence of antibody in dromedary camels in Egypt, June 2013|journal = Eurosurveillance|volume = 18|issue = 36|pages = 20574|doi = 10.2807/1560-7917.ES2013.18.36.20574|pmid = 24079378|year = 2013|last1 = Perera|first1 = R.|last2 = Wang|first2 = P.|last3 = Gomaa|first3 = M.|last4 = El-Shesheny|first4 = R.|last5 = Kandeil|first5 = A.|last6 = Bagato|first6 = O.|last7 = Siu|first7 = L.|last8 = Shehata|first8 = M.|last9 = Kayed|first9 = A.|last10 = Moatasim|first10 = Y.|last11 = Li|first11 = M.|last12 = Poon|first12 = L.|last13 = Guan|first13 = Y.|last14 = Webby|first14 = R.|last15 = Ali|first15 = M.|last16 = Peiris|first16 = J.|last17 = Kayali|first17 = G.|doi-access = free}}</ref> where they investigated 1343 human and 625 animal sera indicated, the abundant presence of MERS-CoV specific antibody in 108 out of 110 Egyptian dromedary camels but not in other animals such as goats, cows or sheep in this region.<ref name="eurosurveillance.org"/> These are the first and significant scientific reports that indicated the role of "dromedary camels" as a reservoir of MERS-CoV.
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