"স্ফেনডন পান্কটাম" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

(Removing Link GA template (handled by wikidata))
ট্যাগ: মোবাইল সম্পাদনা মোবাইল অ্যাপ সম্পাদনা অ্যান্ড্রয়েড অ্যাপ সম্পাদনা
{{About|the animal}}
{{short description|Genus of reptiles}}
{{Use dmy dates|date = October 2012}}
{{Automatic taxobox
| name = Tuatara
| fossil_range = Early [[Miocene]] – present, {{fossilrange| 19|0|earliest=19}}<ref>{{cite web |title=Sphenodon Gray 1831 (rhynchocephalian) |url=https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=92231&is_real_user=1 |website=PBDB }}{{Dead link|date=July 2020 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}</ref>
| image = Tuatara (5205719005).jpg
| image_caption = Northern tuatara (''Sphenodon punctatus punctatus'')
|status = LC
|status_system = IUCN3.1
|status_ref =<ref name=IUCN>{{cite iucn |authors= Hitchmough, R.|title= ''Sphenodon punctatus'' |year= 2019|page= e.T131735762A120191347 |accessdate= 14 April 2020}}</ref>
| status2 = VU
| status2_system = IUCN3.1
| status2_ref = <ref name=iucn>{{cite iucn |authors= Australasian Reptile & Amphibian Specialist Group.|title= ''Sphenodon guntheri'' |year= 1996|page= e.T20612A9214663 |accessdate= 5 May 2020}}</ref> (Brothers Islands population)
| taxon = Sphenodon
| authority = [[John Edward Gray|Gray]], 1831 ([[conserved name]])
| type_species = ''Sphenodon punctatus''
| type_species_authority = Gray, 1842
| range_map = World.distribution.rhynchocephalia.colour contrast.png
| range_map_caption = Native range (New Zealand)
| range_map2 = North Island Map tuatara.PNG
| range_map2_caption = Current distribution of tuatara (in black):<ref>{{cite journal |author1=Daugherty C. H. |author2=Cree A. |author3=Hay J. M. |author4=Thompson M. B. | year = 1990 | title = Neglected taxonomy and continuing extinctions of tuatara ''(Sphenodon)'' | url = | journal = Nature | volume = 347 | issue = 6289| pages = 177–179 | doi = 10.1038/347177a0 | bibcode=1990Natur.347..177D|s2cid=4342765 }}</ref><ref name=recovery>{{cite book| last =Gaze| first =Peter| title =Tuatara recovery plan 2001–2011| work =Threatened Species Recovery Plan 47| publisher =Biodiversity Recovery Unit, Department of Conservation, Government of New Zealand| year =2001| url =http://www.doc.govt.nz/upload/documents/science-and-technical/TSRP47.pdf| accessdate =2 June 2007| isbn =978-0-478-22131-2| archive-url =https://web.archive.org/web/20111105132732/http://www.doc.govt.nz/upload/documents/science-and-technical/TSRP47.pdf#| archive-date =5 November 2011| url-status =dead| df =dmy-all}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.tiritirimatangi.org.nz/Articles/NZ%20Herald%20Articles%20-%20Tuatara%20Release.pdf | date=25 October 2003 | author=Beston, Anne | title=New Zealand Herald: Tuatara Release | accessdate=11 September 2007 | url-status=dead | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071004201202/http://www.tiritirimatangi.org.nz/Articles/NZ%20Herald%20Articles%20-%20Tuatara%20Release.pdf | archivedate=4 October 2007 | df=dmy-all }}</ref> Circles represent the North Island tuatara, and squares the Brothers Island tuatara. Symbols may represent up to seven islands.
| subdivision_ranks = [[Species]]
| subdivision =
* '''''S. punctatus''''' <br/><small>(Gray, 1842) (conserved name)</small>
* {{extinct}}'''''S. diversum''''' <br/><small>Colenso, 1885</small>
| synonyms =
* ''Sphaenodon'' <br/><small>Gray, 1831 ([[Conserved name|rejected name]])</small>
* ''Hatteria'' <br/><small>Gray, 1842 (rejected name)</small>
* ''Rhynchocephalus'' <br/><small>[[Richard Owen|Owen]], 1845 (rejected name)</small>
}}
{{weasel|date=জুন ২০১৩}}
'''স্ফেনডন পান্কটাম''' Sphendon punctatum যা Tuatara বা Sefnodon নামে পরিচিত। tuatara শব্দটির উৎপত্তি মউরী ভাষা থেকে যার অর্থ কাঁটা যুক্ত পিঠ।এরা সরিসৃপ শ্রেনির Rhynchocephilia বর্গের একমাত্র জীবিত সদস্য। এটি জীবন্ত জীবাশ্ম। এরা নিউজীল্যান্ড এর নিকটবর্তী দ্বীপ এ থাকে। এই স্থানে এরা এন্ডেমিক। Tuatara জলপাই সবুজ , বাদামী , ধূসর রং এর হয়ে থাকে। লম্বায় ৮০সেমি । ওজন ১.৩ কেজি। এরা দেখতে টিকটিকি আর কুমিরের সাথে সাদৃশ্যপূর্ন। দেহে দানাদার আইশ থকে।
৮১টি

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