___ U.S. ___

টেমপ্লেট নথি[দেখুন] [সম্পাদনা] [ইতিহাস] [শোধন]

Descriptionসম্পাদনা

This template is used in footnotes to cite the United States Reports, which are the official record of the rulings, orders, case tables, and other proceedings of the Supreme Court of the United States. This template can be used to generate the name of a case and its citation and date or year, together with an optional hyperlink which, if clicked, will lead the reader to the an external website with the full text of the case. For some websites, the template can be linked to create pinpoint citations, that is, a link to a specific page within a case. For older cases (before reporting was standardized to the United States Reports in 1875), references to nominative reporters may be added; and new cases that have yet to appear in the United States Report may be referenced using their docket numbers.

As external links should be avoided in the main bodies of articles (see WP:ELPOINTS), use |el=no to create a citation to the United States Report that does not have an external link, for example, in the lead section of an article about a US Supreme Court judgment.

Usageসম্পাদনা

Use in running prose
{{ussc|volume|page|year|el=no}}
Long form citations
{{ussc|name=|link=|volume=|page=|pin=|year=}}
or
{{ussc|name=|link=|volume|page|pin=pinpoint|year}}
Short form citation
{{ussc|name=|link=|short=yes|page=}}
or
{{ussc|name=|link=|short=yes|slip=}}
Older cases reported by nominative reporters
{{ussc|name=|link=|volume=|page=|pin=|year=|reporter=|reporter-volume=}}
or
{{ussc|name=|link=|volume|page|pin=pinpoint|year|reporter|reporter-volume}}
New cases not yet reported in the United States Reports
{{ussc|name=|link=|volume=|year=|docket=xx-xxx|slip=}}
or
{{ussc|name=|link=|1=volume|3=year|docket=xx-xxx|slip=}}
All available parameters
{{ussc|name=|link=|source=|casename=|docket=xx-xxx|volume=|page=|pin=|year=|reporter=|reporter-volume=|periods=no|slip=|dissent=|dissent-type=|concurrence=|concurrence-type=|short=|el=yes}}
or
{{ussc|name=|link=|source=|casename=|docket=xx-xxx|volume|page|pin=pinpoint|year|reporter|reporter-volume|periods=no|slip=|dissenter=|dissent-type=|concurrence=|concurrence-type=|el=yes}}

Mandatory parametersসম্পাদনা

The |volume=, |page= and |year= parameters are mandatory. If you do not wish to use the parameter names, then you must ensure that the values of these parameters appear in the template as the first, second and third parameters that do not have parameter names.

volume
The first number of a given case citation, which is the volume of the United States Reports in which the case is found.
page
The second number within the citation, which is the page in the volume on which the case syllabus begins.
year
The year in which the decision in the case was issued.

Optional parametersসম্পাদনা

|name= and |link=
The |name= parameter is used to indicate the case name, and |link= the name of a Wikipedia article about the case. If |link= is specified, then the case name is linked to the Wikipedia article. If it is not specified, the template checks to see if there is a Wikipedia article with the same name as the case name specified using |name=. If there is one, a link to the Wikipedia article will be created automatically.
Example: {{ussc|name=Roe v. Wade|410|113|1973}}.
Result: Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973).
Alternatively, you can type the case name before the template instead of placing it within the template, like this:
Example: ''[[Doe v. Bolton]]'', {{ussc|volume=410|page=179|year=1973}}.
Result: Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179 (1973).
|source=
If you do not select a source, the template creates a link to the Justia website. To select an alternative source, type one of the following:
If you have selected Wikisource as the source to link to, you must also use |casename= to indicate the name of the case as it appears on Wikisource.
Examples
Default (Justia)

{{ussc|name=Marbury v. Madison|volume=5
|page=137|year=1803|reporter=Cranch
|reporter-volume=1}}

Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803)

{{ussc|name=Roe v. Wade|410|113|1973}}

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973)
FindLaw

{{ussc|name=Marbury v. Madison|source=f
|volume=5|page=137|year=1803
|reporter=Cranch|reporter-volume=1}}

Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803)

{{ussc|name=Roe v. Wade|source=f
|410|113|1973}}

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973)
OpenJurist

{{ussc|name=Marbury v. Madison|source=o
|volume=5|page=137|year=1803
|reporter=Cranch|reporter-volume=1}}

Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803)

{{ussc|name=Roe v. Wade|source=o
|410|113|1973}}

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973)
Wikisource

{{ussc|name=Marbury v. Madison|source=w
|casename=Marbury v. Madison|volume=5
|page=137|year=1803|reporter=Cranch
|reporter-volume=1}}

Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803)

{{ussc|name=Marbury v. Madison|source=w
|casename=Marbury v. Madison|5|137|1803}}

Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803)
|reporter= and |reporter-volume=
The |reporter= parameter is used to state the nominative reporter that published the Supreme Court's opinion being cited. When the United States Reports commenced, reports by the nominative reporters were reprinted in sequential volumes as part of the series; thus, the actual first volume of the United States Reports was Volume 91. |reporter= must be used together with |reporter-volume=, which is the number of the volume in which the case appeared. If you do not wish to use the parameter names, then you must ensure that the values of these parameters appear as the fourth and fifth parameters without parameter names in the template.
Example: {{ussc|name=Marbury v. Madison|5|103|pin=104|1803|Cranch|1}}.
Result: Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 103, 104 (1803).
|pin=
Use this parameter to provide a pinpoint citation, that is, the exact page of a case on which the text cited may be found.
Example: {{ussc|name=Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company v. Sawyer|link=Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer|source=f|volume=343|page=579|pin=635|year=1952}}, (Jackson J., concurring).
Result: Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579, 635 (1952), (Jackson J., concurring).
|docket=xx-xxx
Use this parameter to cite by its docket number a new case which has not yet been assigned a volume and/or first page number in the United States Reports. By default, the template links to Justia; use |source=f to create a link to FindLaw instead. It is customary to indicate either the date or year of the case, which you can do using |date= or |year=. If you do not wish to use these parameter names, then you must ensure that the date or year value is typed like this: "|3=date".
Example: {{ussc|name=Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc.|link=Burwell v. Hobby Lobby|docket=13-354|volume=573|date=June 30, 2014}}.
Result: Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., No. 13-354, 573 U.S. ___ (June 30, 2014).
Example: {{ussc|name=Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc.|link=Burwell v. Hobby Lobby|source=f|docket=13-354|573|3=June 30, 2014}}.
Result: Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., No. 13-354, 573 U.S. ___ (June 30, 2014).
|periods=no
Use this parameter to cause the abbreviation for the United States Reports to be displayed as "US" rather than "U.S.".
Example: {{ussc|name=Illinois v. Caballes|source=o|543|405|2005|periods=no}}
Result: Illinois v. Caballes, 543 US 405 (2005)
|slip=
Use this parameter to cite to a page of a slip opinion that has not yet been published in bound reports.
Example: {{ussc|name=Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc.|link=Burwell v. Hobby Lobby|source=j|docket=13-354|volume=573|date=June 30, 2014|slip=4}}
Result: Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., No. 13-354, 573 U.S. ___, slip op. at 4 (June 30, 2014)
|dissent= and |concurrence=
Use this parameter to indicate the justice whose dissent or concurrance you are referencing. The last name of the justice should go first, followed by C.J. for the chief justice or J. for associate justices.
Example: {{ussc|name=Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc.|link=Burwell v. Hobby Lobby|source=j|docket=13-354|volume=573|date=June 30, 2014|slip=4|dissent=Ginsburg, J.}}
Result: Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., No. 13-354, 573 U.S. ___, slip op. at 4 (June 30, 2014) (Ginsburg, J., dissenting)
|dissent-type=dissenting and |concurrence-type=concurring
This parameter is used to indicate the type of dissent such as "dissenting in part" and "concurring in judgement". It defaults to "dissenting" and "concurring" respectively.
Example: {{ussc|name=Baze v. Rees|source=j|volume=553|page=35|year=2008|slip=4|concurrence=Scalia, J.|concurrence-type=concurring in judgement}}
Result: Baze v. Rees, 553 U.S. 35, slip op. at 4 (2008) (Scalia, J., concurring in judgement)
|short=no
By default, the template creates a long-form citation. Once a case has been referenced properly in the long form, then short-form citations may be used in all subsequent references to that case. To do so, simply add |short=yes to the citation. At a minimum, short citations require |name= and page number, using either |pin= or |slip=. Typically, the |volume= should also be provided, if known. The common practice with short citations is to also shorten the |name= of the case, so as to reference only one of the parties (or even just portion of their name) – as long as the connection back to the original citation is logical, consistent, and clear. To wit:
Example: {{ussc|name=Youngstown Sheet|link=Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer|volume=343|pin=635|short=yes}}.
Result: Youngstown Sheet, 343 U.S. at 635.
Or:
Example: {{ussc|name=Hobby Lobby|link=Burwell v. Hobby Lobby|docket=13-354|volume=573|date=June 30, 2014|short=yes|slip=3}}.
Result: Hobby Lobby, 573 U.S. slip op. at 3.
The other parameters are either optional or have no effect in a short cite. The minimal code for a short citation can thus be reduced to three parameters:
Example: {{ussc|name=Hobby Lobby|short=yes|slip=3}}.
Result: Hobby Lobby, slip op. at 3.
The optional parameters that will effect the output of a short citation are: |link=, |dissent=, |concurrence=, |dissent-type=, and |concurrence-type=.
Example: {{ussc|name=Hobby Lobby|link=Burwell v. Hobby Lobby|short=yes|slip=4|dissent=Ginsburg, J.}}.
Result: Hobby Lobby, slip op. at 4 (Ginsburg, J., dissenting).
|el=no
By default the template creates an external link to the decision text. External links, while allowed in citations, are advised against in prose (see WP:ELPOINTS). If the template is being used in running prose, setting |el=no prevents the template from making external links.
Example: ''[[Doe v. Bolton]]'', {{ussc|volume=410|page=179|year=1973|el=yes}}.
Result: Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179 (1973).
Example: ''[[Doe v. Bolton]]'', {{ussc|volume=410|page=179|year=1973|el=no}}.
Result: Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179 (1973).

TemplateDataসম্পাদনা

নতুন দৃশ্যমান সম্পাদনা দ্বারা ব্যবহৃত টেমপ্লেটের জন্য টেমপ্লেটডাটা নথি।

Ussc শীর্ষ

Cites a US Supreme Court case.

টেমপ্লেট প্যারামিটার

প্যারামিটারবিবরণধরনঅবস্থা
Volumevolume 1

The first number of a given case citation, which is the volume of the United States Reports in which the case is found.

উদাহরণ
410
সংখ্যাপ্রয়োজনীয়
Pagepage 2

The second number within the citation, which is the page in the volume on which the case syllabus begins.

উদাহরণ
113
সংখ্যাপ্রয়োজনীয়
Yearyear 3

The year in which the decision in the case was issued.

উদাহরণ
1973
সংখ্যাপ্রয়োজনীয়
Case namename

Name of the case (autolinked if page exists)

উদাহরণ
Roe v. Wade
লাইনঐচ্ছিক
Wikipedia linklink

Article about the case

পাতাঐচ্ছিক
External linkel

Create an external link

পূর্বনির্ধারিত
yes
লাইনঐচ্ছিক
External link sourcesource

f for FindLaw, o for OpenJurist, or w for Wikisource

লাইনঐচ্ছিক
Nominative reporterreporter

বিবরণ নেই

উদাহরণ
Cranch
লাইনঐচ্ছিক
Nominative reporter volumereporter-volume

বিবরণ নেই

সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
Pinpointpin

Exact page cited text may be found

সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
Docket numberdocket

Docket number of cases not yet published in United States Reports

উদাহরণ
13-354
লাইনঐচ্ছিক
Periodsperiods

Use periods in abbreviation of United States

পূর্বনির্ধারিত
yes
লাইনঐচ্ছিক
Slip opinion pinpointslip

Page citation of unpublished slip opinion

সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
Dissenting judgedissent

Indicate justice whose dissent is referenced

উদাহরণ
Ginsburg, J.
লাইনঐচ্ছিক
Dissent typedissent-type

বিবরণ নেই

পূর্বনির্ধারিত
dissenting
উদাহরণ
dissenting in part
লাইনঐচ্ছিক
Concurring judgeconcurrence

Indicate justice whose concurrence is referenced

উদাহরণ
Ginsburg, J.
লাইনঐচ্ছিক
Concurrence typeconcurrence-type

বিবরণ নেই

পূর্বনির্ধারিত
concurring
উদাহরণ
concurring in judgement
লাইনঐচ্ছিক
Short form citationshort

বিবরণ নেই

পূর্বনির্ধারিত
no
উদাহরণ
yes
লাইনঐচ্ছিক