"উইকিপিডিয়া:কোনো ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণ নয়" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

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{{nutshell|অবদানের ওপর মন্তব্য করুন, অবদানকারী ওপর নয়।}}
{{নীতিতালিকা}}
{{Conduct policy list}}
 
'''উইকিপিডিয়ার কোথাও কোনোরকম ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণ করবেন না।''' আপনার মন্তব্য '''বিষয়বস্তুর''' ওপর রাখুন, '''অবদানকারীর''' ওপরে নয়। উইকপিডিয়ায় কোনো তথ্য সম্বন্ধে মন্তব্য সবসময় স্বাগত, কিন্তু তথ্য-প্রদানকারী সম্বন্ধে নয়। ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণ করে কোনো মত প্রতিষ্ঠা করা তো সম্ভব হয়-ই না, বরং উইকিপিডিয়া পরিবারের পক্ষে তা ক্ষতিকারক। এ ধরনের আক্রমণের ফলে ব্যবহারকারীরা উইকিপিডিয়াকে একটি ভাল বিশ্বকোষ বানানোর প্রচেষ্টা থেকে বিরত হতে পারেন।
 
<!-- '''Do not make personal attacks anywhere in Wikipedia.''' Comment on '''content''', not on the '''contributor'''. Personal attacks do not help make a point; they only hurt the Wikipedia community and deter users from helping to create a good encyclopedia. Derogatory comments about another contributor may be removed by any editor. Repeated or egregious personal attacks may lead to [[WP:BLOCK|blocks]].
==করবেন না==
-->
<div style="text-align: center; font-size: 18pt; line-height: 1em;"><font face="SolaimanLipi"><b>'''ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণ-এর কোনো কারণ থাকতে পারে না।<br /> তাই ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণ করবেন না।'''</b></font></div>
 
== কেনো ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণ ক্ষতিকর==
 
ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণের বিরূদ্ধে নীতিমালা সকল উইকিপিডিয়ানের জন্য প্রযোজ্য। যদি কোনো ব্যবহারকারী বোকামীমূলক আচরণ করেন, এমন কী যদি তাঁর বিরূদ্ধে অ্যাট্রিবিউশন কমিটির মাধ্যমে নিয়ম-শৃঙ্খলা ভঙ্গের অভিযোগও থাকে, যেমন: তিনি অন্য কোনো ব্যবহারকারীকে আক্রমণ করেছেন—তবুও তাঁকে ব্যক্তিগতভাবে আক্রমণ করা রীতিবিরুদ্ধ। উইকিপিডিয়া একটি [[উইকিপিডিয়া:ভদ্রতা|হ্যাঁ-বোধক মানসিকতা সম্পন্ন অনলাইন সম্প্রদায়]]। মানুষ এখানে ভুল করবে, তবে তাঁদেরকে সেই ভুল থেকে শিক্ষা নিয়ে পথ পরিবর্তনের জন্য উৎসাহ দিতে হবে। ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণ এই স্পৃহার বিপরীতে অবস্থান করে এবং একই সাথে এটি উইকিপিডিয়ার কাজের পরিবেশ নষ্ট করে এর উন্নয়ন বাধাগ্রস্থ করে।
<!-- Contributors are often members of opposing communities, and wish to have their viewpoints included in articles. Through reasoned debate, contributors can synthesize these views into a single article, and this creates a better, more [[WP:NPOV|neutral]] article for everyone. Every person who edits an article is part of the same larger community &mdash; we are all [[Wikipedia:Wikipedians|Wikipedians]].
 
The prohibition against personal attacks applies equally to all Wikipedians. It is as unacceptable to attack a user with a history of foolish or boorish behavior, or even one who has been subject to disciplinary action by the Arbitration Committee, as it is to attack any other user. Wikipedia encourages a [[Wikipedia:Civility|positive online community]]: people make mistakes, but they are encouraged to learn from them and change their ways. Personal attacks are contrary to this spirit and damaging to the work of building an encyclopedia. -->
 
==যেভাবে ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণ এড়াবেন==
যখন মতানৈক্যতার কথা বলতে হবে, তখন একজন সম্পাদকের অবশ্যই [[উইকিপিডিয়া:ভদ্রতা|ভদ্র]] থেকে, এবং [[উইকিপিডিয়া:শিষ্টাচার|উইকি শিষ্টাচার]] মেনে তাঁর বক্তব্য প্রকাশ করা উচিত।
 
 
==ফলাফল==
<!-- As a matter of polite and effective discourse, comments should not be personalized and should be directed at content and actions rather than people. However, when there are disagreements about ''content'', referring to other editors is not always a personal attack. A posting that says "Your statement about ''X'' is wrong because of information at ''Y''", or "The paragraph you inserted into the article looks like [[WP:NOR|original research]]", is ''not'' a personal attack. Or sometimes you could say instead—"The paragraph inserted here [DIFF] into the article looks like [[WP:NOR|original research]]", which also is ''not'' a personal attack, and avoids referring to the other editor in the ''[[Grammatical person#Grammatical person in English|second person]]''; providing the DIFF also cuts down confusion. Similarly, discussion of a user's ''conduct'' is not in itself a personal attack when done in the appropriate forum for such discussion (e.g. the user's talk page, [[WP:WQA]], [[WP:ANI]]).
মনে রাখবেন আলোচনা পৃষ্ঠাতে বিবাদ ইন্টারনেটে যে কেউ দেখতে পারে। এরকম বিবাদ উইকিপিডিয়ার পক্ষে স্বাস্থ্যকর নয়। এর আগে বারবার ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণ করার দোষে কোনো কোনো ব্যবহারকারী-কে ব্যান (ban) করাও হয়েছে।
 
Editors should be [[WP:CIVIL|civil]] and adhere to good [[WP:EQ|wiki etiquette]] when stating disagreements. The appropriate response to inflammatory statements is to address the issues of content rather than to accuse the other person of violating this policy. Accusing someone without justification of making personal attacks is also considered a form of personal attack. (See also: [[Wikipedia:Civility#Engaging in incivility|Engaging in incivility]].) -->
 
==কোন আচরণগুলো ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণ হিসেবে চিহ্নিত হতে পারে==
কিছু ব্যক্তিগত আক্রমণের কিছু উদাহরণ হল:
*আইনি ব্যবস্থা নেওয়ার ভয় দেখানো।
*দৈহিক ক্ষতি করার ভয় দেখানো।
There is no rule that is objective and not open to interpretation on what constitutes a personal attack as opposed to constructive discussion, but some types of comments are absolutely ''never'' acceptable:
*Racial, sexual, homophobic, ageist, religious, political, ethnic, or other [[epithet]]s (such as against people with disabilities) directed against another contributor. Disagreement over what constitutes a religion, race, sexual preference, or ethnicity is not a legitimate excuse.
*Using someone's affiliations as an [[ad hominem]] means of dismissing or discrediting their views—regardless of whether said affiliations are mainstream. Note that although pointing out an editor's ''relevant'' [[Wikipedia:Conflict of interest|conflict of interest]] and its relevance to the discussion at hand is not considered a personal attack, speculating on the real life identity of another editor may constitute [[Wikipedia:Harassment#Posting of personal information|outing]], which is a serious offense.
*Linking to external attacks, harassment, or other material, for the purpose of attacking another editor.
*Accusations about personal behavior that lack evidence. Serious accusations require serious evidence. Evidence often takes the form of [[Wikipedia:Complete diff and link guide|diffs and links]] presented on wiki. Sometimes [[Wikipedia:Confidential evidence|evidence is kept private]] and made available to trusted users.
*Threats, including:
:*[[Wikipedia:No legal threats|Threats of legal action]]
:*Threats of violence or other off-wiki action (particularly death threats)
:*Threats of [[Wikipedia:Vandalism|vandalism]] to userpages or talk pages.
:*Threats or actions which deliberately expose other Wikipedia editors to political, religious or other persecution by government, their employer or any others. Violations of this sort may result in a block for an extended period of time, which may be applied immediately by any administrator upon discovery. Admins applying such sanctions should confidentially notify the members of the [[Wikipedia:Arbitration Committee|Arbitration Committee]] of what they have done and why.
 
These examples are not exhaustive. Insulting or disparaging an editor is a personal attack ''regardless of the manner in which it is done''. When in doubt, comment on the article's content without referring to its contributor at all.
 
==Responding to personal attacks==
 
===First offenses and isolated incidents===
Sometimes the best way to respond to an isolated personal attack is [[Wikipedia:Shunning|not to respond at all]]. Wikipedia and its debates can become [[m:Wikistress|stressful]] for some editors, who may occasionally overreact. Additionally, Wikipedia discussions are in a text-only medium that conveys nuances and emotions poorly; this can easily lead to misunderstanding. While personal attacks ''are not excused'' because of these factors, editors are encouraged to disregard angry and ill-mannered postings of others when it is reasonable to do so, and to continue to focus their efforts on improving and developing the encyclopedia.
 
If you feel that a response is necessary and desirable, you should leave a polite message on the other user's talk page. Do not respond on a ''talk page of an article''; this tends to escalate matters. Likewise, it is important to avoid becoming hostile and confrontational yourself, [[WP:KETTLE|even in the face of abuse]]. Although templates have been used at times for this purpose, a customized message relating to the specific situation is often better received. When possible, try to find compromise or common ground regarding the underlying issues of content, rather than argue about behavior.
 
Personal attacks do not include civil language used to describe an editor's actions, and when made without involving their personal character, should not be construed as personal attacks, for instance, stating "Your statement is a personal attack..." is not itself a personal attack.
 
Attacks that are particularly offensive or disruptive (such as physical or legal threats) should not be ignored. Extraordinary situations that require immediate intervention are rare, but may be reported on the [[WP:ANI|administrators' noticeboard]].
 
===Recurring attacks===
Recurring, non-disruptive personal attacks that do not stop after reasoned requests to cease should be resolved through the [[WP:DR|dispute resolution]] process. Especially when personal attacks arise as the result of heated debate over article content, [[WP:DR#Informal mediation|informal mediation]] and [[WP:DR#Discuss with third parties|third-party opinions]] are often the best ways to resolve the conflict. Similarly, [[WP:WQA|Wikiquette alerts]] offers a "streamlined" source of outside opinion. In most circumstances, problems with personal attacks can be resolved if editors work together and focus on content, and immediate administrator action is not required.
 
This is also the difficulty in recurring attacks. We have to assume that the attacker is willing to compromise. It is not plausible for editors to attack each other (or they would have been defined as attackers) because they want and expect strong discourse.
 
===Removal of text===
{{Policy shortcut|WP:RPA}}
There is no official policy regarding when or whether most personal attacks should be removed, although it has been a topic of substantial debate. Removing unquestionable personal attacks from your own user talk page is rarely a matter of concern. On other talk pages, especially where such text ''is directed against you'', removal should typically be limited to clear-cut cases where it is obvious the text is a true personal attack.
 
Nevertheless, unusual circumstances do exist. The most serious types of personal attacks, such as efforts to reveal nonpublic personal information about Wikipedia editors ([[WP:OUTING|outing]]), go beyond the level of mere invective, and so can and should be excised for the benefit of the community and the project even if they are directed at you. In certain cases involving sensitive information, a [[WP:RFO|request for oversight]] may also be appropriate.
 
===Off-wiki attacks===
Wikipedia cannot regulate behavior in media not under the control of the Wikimedia Foundation, but personal attacks made elsewhere create doubt about the good faith of an editor's on-wiki actions. Posting personal attacks or defamation off-Wikipedia is harmful to the community and to an editor's relationship with it, especially when such attacks take the form of violating an editor's privacy. Such attacks can be regarded as aggravating factors by administrators and are admissible evidence in the dispute-resolution process, including Arbitration cases.
 
===External links===
{{For|policies related to attacks against all living persons, whether or not they edit Wikipedia|Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons}}
Linking to off-site harassment, attacks, or privacy violations against persons who edit Wikipedia for the purpose of attacking another person who edits Wikipedia is never acceptable. Attacking, harassing, or violating the privacy of any person who edits Wikipedia through the posting of external links is not permitted. ''Harassment in this context may include but is not limited to linking to offsite personal attacks, privacy violations, and/or threats of physical violence.'' This is not to be confused with legitimate critique. Inclusion of links in articles is a matter for sound editorial judgment.
 
The interpretation of this rule is complex. See [[Wikipedia:Linking to external harassment]] for guidance on interpretation.
 
==Consequences of personal attacks==
Although editors are encouraged to ignore or respond politely to isolated personal attacks, that should not imply that they are acceptable or without consequences. A pattern of hostility reduces the likelihood of the community assuming good faith, and can be considered [[WP:DE|disruptive editing]]. Users who insist on a confrontational style marked by personal attacks are likely to become involved in the dispute resolution process, and may face serious consequences through [[WP:AP|arbitration]], such as being subjected to a [[Wikipedia:Community ban|community ban]].
 
In extreme cases, even isolated personal attacks may lead to a [[WP:BLOCK|block]] for disruption. Legal threats, death threats, and issues of similar severity may result in a block ''without warning''. However, administrators are cautioned that other resolutions are preferable to blocking for less severe situations when it is unclear if the "conduct severely disrupts the project". Recurring attacks are proportionally more likely to be considered "disruption". Blocking for personal attacks should only be done for prevention, not punishment. A block may be warranted if it seems likely that the user will continue using personal attacks.
 
==Blocking for personal attacks==
<!--In this section we need to record standards for when blocks may be used.-->
* Extreme personal attacks, or personal attacks based on race, religion, nationality or sexual identity of an editor are often grounds for an immediate, indefinite block until the remarks are retracted.
* Lesser personal attacks often result in a warning, and a request to refactor. If a pattern of lesser personal attacks continues despite the warning, escalating blocks may follow, typically starting with 24 hours.
 
==See also==
{{Spoken Wikipedia|Nopersonalattacks.ogg|2009-03-05}}
* [[Ad hominem]]
* [[Wikipedia:Avoid personal remarks]]
* [[Wikipedia:Do not insult the vandals]]
* [[Wikipedia:On privacy, confidentiality and discretion]]
* [[Wikipedia:Arguments to avoid in edit wars]]
* [[Wikipedia:Staying cool when the editing gets hot]]
* [[Wikipedia:Candor]]
* [[Wikipedia:Attack page]]
{{Wikipedia policies and guidelines}}
[[Category:শিষ্টাচার]]
[[Category:উইকিপিডিয়া নীতিমালা ও নির্দেশাবলী]]
[[en:Wikipedia:No personal attacks]]
[[als:Wikipedia:Keine persönlichen Angriffe]]
[[ar:ويكيبيديا:لا للهجوم الشخصي]]
[[br:Wikipedia:Tagadennoù personel]]
[[bg:Уикипедия:Никакви лични нападки]]
[[ceb:Wikipedia:Walay mga personal nga atake]]
[[cs:Wikipedie:Žádné osobní útoky]]
[[da:Wikipedia:Ingen personlige angreb]]
[[de:Wikipedia:Keine persönlichen Angriffe]]
[[el:Βικιπαίδεια:Όχι προσωπικές επιθέσεις]]
[[es:Wikipedia:No hagas ataques personales]]
[[fa:ویکی‌پدیا:حمله‌های شخصی ممنوع]]
[[fr:Wikipédia:Pas d'attaque personnelle]]
[[gl:Wikipedia:Non faga ataques persoais]]
[[ko:위키백과:인신 공격]]
[[hr:Wikipedija:Bez osobnih napada]]
[[id:Wikipedia:Jangan menyerang pribadi]]
[[is:Wikipedia:Engar persónulegar árásir]]
[[it:Wikipedia:Niente attacchi personali]]
[[jv:Wikipedia:Aja nyerang pribadi]]
[[hu:Wikipédia:Kerüld a személyes támadásokat!]]
[[mk:Википедија:Без лични напади]]
[[ml:വിക്കിപീഡിയ:വ്യക്തിപരമായി ആക്രമിക്കരുത്]]
[[mt:Wikipedija:L-ebda attakk personali]]
[[ms:Wikipedia:Larangan serangan peribadi]]
[[nl:Wikipedia:Geen persoonlijke aanvallen]]
[[ja:Wikipedia:個人攻撃 はしない]]
[[pl:Wikipedia:Żadnych osobistych ataków]]
[[pt:Wikipedia:Não faça ataques pessoais]]
[[ro:Wikipedia:Fără atacuri personale]]
[[ru:Википедия:Недопустимость оскорблений, угроз и агрессии]]
[[simple:Wikipedia:No personal attacks]]
[[sk:Wikipédia:Žiadne osobné útoky]]
[[sl:Wikipedija:Brez osebnih napadov]]
[[sr:Википедија:Без личних напада]]
[[fi:Wikipedia:Ei henkilökohtaisia hyökkäyksiä]]
[[sv:Wikipedia:Inga personangrepp]]
[[ta:விக்கிப்பீடியா:தனிநபர் விமர்சனங்களைத் தவிர்த்தல்]]
[[th:วิกิพีเดีย:อย่าว่าร้ายผู้อื่น]]
[[tg:Википедиа:Ҳамлаи шахси мамнуъ]]
[[tr:Vikipedi:Kişisel saldırılar yasaktır]]
[[uk:Вікіпедія:Неприпустимість образ, погроз й агресії]]
[[vi:Wikipedia:Không tấn công cá nhân]]
[[yi:װיקיפּעדיע:קיין פערזענלעכע אטאקעס]]
[[zh-yue:Wikipedia:唔愛人身攻擊]]
[[zh:Wikipedia:不要人身 攻击]]
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