"আল-কায়েদা" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

সংশোধন
(Adding 1 book for যাচাইযোগ্যতা (20210826)) #IABot (v2.0.8) (GreenC bot)
(সংশোধন)
ট্যাগ: মোবাইল সম্পাদনা মোবাইল ওয়েব সম্পাদনা উচ্চতর মোবাইল সম্পাদনা
{{Infobox war faction
{{Infobox war faction|name=আল কায়েদা|native_name=القاعدة|native_name_lang=ar|image=Flag of al-Qaeda.svg|leaders=[[Osama bin Laden]]{{KIA}} (1988–2011)<br>[[Ayman al-Zawahiri]] (2011–present)|active=১৯৮৮-বর্তমান|clans={{Plain list|
| name = আল কায়েদা
* Al-Qaeda Central (1988–present)
| native_name = القاعدة
| native_name_lang = ar
| image = Flag of al-Qaeda.svg
| leaders = [[ওসামা বিন লাদেন]]{{KIA}} (১৯৮৮–২০১১)<br>[[আয়মান আল-জাওয়াহিরি]] (২০১১–বর্তমান)
| active = ১৯৮৮–বর্তমান
}}|area clans = {{Plain list|
* Al-Qaeda Central (১৯৮৮–বর্তমান)
* [[Al-Qaeda in Iraq]] (2004–2013, became [[Mujahideen Shura Council (Iraq)|Mujahideen Shura Council]] in January 2006)
* [[Mujahideen Shura Council (Iraq)|Mujahideen Shura Council]] (January 2006 – October 2006, became [[Islamic State of Iraq]] in October 2006)
* [[Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigades]]
* [[Tanzim Qaedat al-Jihad]]
}}
}}|area={{Plain list|
}}|ideology area = {{Plain list|
* Worldwide
* বিশ্বব্যাপী
* Predominantly in the Middle East
* [[List of rebel groups that control territory|Rebel group with current territorial control in:]]
** [[Maliমালি]]
** [[Somaliaসোমালিয়া]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.polgeonow.com/2013/05/somalia-war-map-al-shabaab-2013.html|title=War in Somalia: Map of Al Shabaab Control (June 2013)|date=May 31, 2013|access-date=August 18, 2014|publisher=Political Geography Now|first1=Evan|last1=Centanni}}</ref>
** [[Syriaসিরিয়া]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.plenglish.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3847431&Itemid=1|title=Prensa Latina News Agency|access-date=April 12, 2016}}</ref>
** [[Yemenইয়েমেন]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://gulfnews.com/news/gulf/yemen/aden-intellgence-service-building-targeted-1.1570990|title=Aden intelligence service building targeted|date=August 22, 2015|access-date=August 22, 2015|publisher=Gulf News|work=AFP}}</ref>
}}
}}|ideology={{Plain list|
| ideology = {{Plain list|
* [[Pan-Islamism]]<ref name=Atwan/>
* [[Islamic extremism|Islamic extremist]]<ref name="Stephen E. Atkins">{{cite book|last1=E. Atkins|first1=Stephen|title=Encyclopedia of Modern Worldwide Extremists and Extremist Groups|date=2004|publisher=Greenwood Press|isbn=978-0313324857|page=[https://archive.org/details/encyclopediaofmo0000atki/page/173 173]|url=https://archive.org/details/encyclopediaofmo0000atki|url-access=registration}}</ref><ref name=dalacoura40/>
* [[Salafiসালাফি movementআন্দোলন|Salafist Islamismসালাফি]]<ref name="SalafistJidadism">{{cite web|title=Special Reports – The Salafist Movement: Al Qaeda's New Front|url=https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/front/special/sala.html|last1=Livesey|first1=Bruce|author-link=Bruce Livesey (journalist)|work=PBS Frontline|publisher=WGBH |date=January 25, 2005|access-date=October 18, 2011 }}<br>{{cite book|last1=Geltzer|first1=Joshua A.|title=US Counter-Terrorism Strategy and al-Qaeda: Signalling and the Terrorist World-View|date=2011|publisher=Routledge|isbn=978-0415664523|page=83|edition=Reprint}}</ref><ref name="spiegel1">{{cite web|url=http://www.spiegel.de/international/0,1518,369448,00.html |title=The Future of Terrorism: What al-Qaida Really Wants |work=Der Spiegel |date=August 12, 2005 |access-date=October 18, 2011 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120307084609/http://www.spiegel.de/international/0%2C1518%2C369448%2C00.html |archive-date=March 7, 2012 |url-status=dead }}</ref><ref name="PanIslamism">{{cite news|url=http://my.telegraph.co.uk/riteman/riteway/16309030/al-qaeda-seeks-global-dominance/|title=Al-Qaeda seeks global dominance|location=London|work=The Daily Telegraph|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120112142751/http://my.telegraph.co.uk/riteman/riteway/16309030/al-qaeda-seeks-global-dominance/|archive-date=January 12, 2012}}<br>{{cite web|url=http://www.thepolitic.com/archives/2005/07/27/jihadists-want-global-caliphate/|title=Jihadists Want Global Caliphate|publisher=ThePolitic.com|date=July 27, 2005|access-date=October 18, 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110930020925/http://www.thepolitic.com/archives/2005/07/27/jihadists-want-global-caliphate/|archive-date=September 30, 2011|url-status=dead|df=mdy-all}}<br>{{cite web|author=Pike, John|url=http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/al-qaida.htm|title=Al-Qaida|publisher=Globalsecurity.org|access-date=October 18, 2011}}<br>{{cite news|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/mar/21/alqaida.terrorism|location=London|work=The Guardian|first1=Jason|last1=Burke|title=What exactly does al-Qaeda want?|date=March 21, 2004}}</ref>
* [[Salafist jihadism]]<ref name="Moghadam">{{cite book|last1=Moghadam|first1=Assaf|title=The Globalization of Martyrdom: Al Qaeda, Salafi Jihad, and the Diffusion of Suicide Attacks|ইউআরএল=https://archive.org/details/globalizationofm0000mogh|year=2008|publisher=Johns Hopkins University Press|isbn=978-0-8018-9055-0|page=[https://archive.org/details/globalizationofm0000mogh/page/48 48]}}</ref><ref name="SalafistJidadism">{{cite web|title=Special Reports – The Salafist Movement: Al Qaeda's New Front|url=https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/front/special/sala.html|last1=Livesey|first1=Bruce|author-link=Bruce Livesey (journalist)|work=PBS Frontline|publisher=WGBH |date=January 25, 2005|access-date=October 18, 2011 }}<br>{{cite book|last1=Geltzer|first1=Joshua A.|title=US Counter-Terrorism Strategy and al-Qaeda: Signalling and the Terrorist World-View|date=2011|publisher=Routledge|isbn=978-0415664523|page=83|edition=Reprint}}</ref>
* [[Qutbism]]<ref>{{harvnb|Wright|2006|p=79}}</ref><ref name=gallagher14>{{harvnb|Gallagher|Willsky-Ciollo|2021|p=14}}</ref>
* [[Antisemitism]]<ref>{{cite web|url=https://fas.org/irp/world/para/docs/980223-fatwa.htm|title=Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders|access-date=June 16, 2010|date=February 23, 1998}}</ref><ref name=Time1999 /><ref name=Letter2002 /><ref name=May1998>{{cite web|url=http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/binladen/who/interview.html|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/19990508145341/http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/binladen/who/interview.html|title=frontline: the terrorist and the superpower: who is bin laden?: interview with osama bin laden (in may 1998)|archive-date=May 8, 1999|publisher=pbs.org}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.adl.org/blog/new-isis-and-al-qaeda-propaganda-prioritize-the-us-and-jews-as-targets|title=New ISIS and Al-Qaeda propaganda prioritize the US and Jews as targets|website=Anti-Defamation League}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.adl.org/blog/isis-augments-its-threats-against-israel|title=ISIS Augments Its Threats Against Israel|website=Anti-Defamation League}}</ref>
* [[Anti-Shi'ism]]<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://www.wilsoncenter.org/article/al-qaeda-v-isis-ideology-strategy|title=Al Qaeda v ISIS: Ideology & Strategy &#124; Wilson Center|website=www.wilsoncenter.org}}</ref>
}}
}}| size = {{unbulleted list
| In the Afghan region: <100 (2011)<ref>{{cite web |first1=Bill |last1=Roggio |url=http://www.longwarjournal.org/threat-matrix/archives/2011/04/how_many_al_qaeda_operatives_a.php |title=How many al Qaeda operatives are now left in Afghanistan? |publisher=Longwarjournal.org |date=April 26, 2011 |access-date=April 10, 2014 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140706151045/http://www.longwarjournal.org/threat-matrix/archives/2011/04/how_many_al_qaeda_operatives_a.php |archive-date=July 6, 2014 |url-status=dead }}</ref> 300–3,000 (2012–2014)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/21/al-qaeda-afghanistan-comeback_n_1997994.html |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121023084738/http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/21/al-qaeda-afghanistan-comeback_n_1997994.html |url-status=dead |archive-date=October 23, 2012 |title=Al Qaeda in Afghanistan Is Attempting A Comeback |work=The Huffington Post |date=October 21, 2012 |access-date=April 10, 2014 }}</ref><ref name="telegraph.co.uk">{{cite news|url=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/al-qaeda/10893889/Al-Qaeda-map-Isis-Boko-Haram-and-other-affiliates-strongholds-across-Africa-and-Asia.html |title=Al-Qaeda map: Isis, Boko Haram and other affiliates' strongholds across Africa and Asia |date=June 12, 2014 |access-date=August 29, 2014|last1=Freeman |first1=Colin }}</ref> 800 (2018)<ref name="cfr.org"/>
| [[al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb|In Libya]]: 5,000<ref name="cfr.org">{{cite web|url=https://www.cfr.org/expert-brief/al-qaedas-resurrection|title=Al-Qaeda's Resurrection|first1=Bruce|last1=Hoffman|publisher=Council on Foreign Relations|date=March 6, 2018}}</ref>
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''alleged but not proven''
* {{flag|Iranইরান}} (alleged, denied)<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-iran-alqaeda-idUSKCN1LN2LE|title=Study questions Iran-al Qaeda ties, despite U.S. allegations|publisher=Reuters|date=September 7, 2018|via=www.reuters.com}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/pages/hp1360.aspx|title=Treasury Targets Al Qaida Operatives in Iran|website=treasury.gov}}</ref>
* {{flag|Pakistanপাকিস্তান}} (alleged, denied)<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/23/magazine/what-pakistan-knew-about-bin-laden.html?_r=1 |title=What Pakistan Knew About Bin Laden|newspaper=The New York Times|date=March 19, 2014|last1=Gall|first1=Carlotta}}</ref>
* {{flag|Qatarকাতার}} (alleged, denied)<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/1.795628|title=Fact Check: Is Qatar Supporting Terrorism? A Look at Its Ties to Iran, ISIS and the Muslim Brotherhood|last1=Haaretz|first2=The Associated|last2=Press|date=July 11, 2017|newspaper=Haaretz}}</ref>
* {{flag|Saudiসৌদি Arabiaআরব}} (alleged, denied)<ref name="WT">{{cite news|last1=Thomas|first1=Carls|title=The Saudis channel the mafia: Fears of Saudi retaliation deter truth about 9/11|url=http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/apr/18/cal-thomas-fears-of-saudi-retaliation-deter-truth-/|access-date=April 28, 2016|work=The Washington Times}}</ref>
 
'''Non-state allies:'''