"গোল কিক" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

বট নিবন্ধ পরিষ্কার করেছে। কোন সমস্যায় এর পরিচালককে জানান।
(বট নিবন্ধ পরিষ্কার করেছে। কোন সমস্যায় এর পরিচালককে জানান।)
{{কাজ চলছে/লক্ষ্য এবার লক্ষ}}[[চিত্র:20121216_PSG-ASSE_05_-_Méline_Gérard.jpg|ডান|থাম্ব|300x300পিক্সেল|মেলিনি একটি গোল কিক দিচ্ছেন]]
'''গোল কিক''' ফুটবল খেলায় একটি নিয়মের নাম বা প্রক্রিয়ার নাম। এই নিয়মের মাধ্যমে বা প্রক্রিয়ার মাধ্যমে পুনরায় খেলা শুরু করা হয়। বিভিন্ন জায়গায় এটিকে গোলি কিকও বলা হয়। ফুটবল খেলার ১৬ নম্বর আইন হল এই গোল কিক।<ref name="GK law">{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/footballdevelopment/technicalsupport/refereeing/laws-of-the-game/law/newsid=1290877.html|titleশিরোনাম=FIFA.com – The Laws of the Game – Law 16: The Goal-Kick|publisherপ্রকাশক=[[FIFA]]|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=5 June 2014}}</ref>
 
== যে ভাবে হয় ==
* The ball becomes in play as soon as it is kicked and clearly moves. The player taking the goal kick cannot touch the ball a second time until another player touches the ball.<ref>http://static-3eb8.kxcdn.com/documents/791/171520_110319_IFAB_LoG_changes_and_clarifications.pdf</ref>
* A [[Scoring in association football|goal]] can be scored directly from a goal kick against the opposing team. An [[own goal]] cannot be scored from a goal kick; in the highly unlikely circumstance that the ball enters the kicker's own goal before being touched by another player, a [[corner kick]] is awarded.
* A player may not be penalized for [[Offside (association football)|offside]] directly from a goal kick.<ref name="Offside law">{{citeবই bookউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://www.fifa.com/mm/Document/FootballDevelopment/Refereeing/02/36/01/11/LawsofthegamewebEN_Neutral.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=LAWS OF THE GAME 2015/2016|publisherপ্রকাশক=FIFA|pageপাতা=36|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=26 October 2015}}</ref>
 
Goal kicks are most often taken by [[Goalkeeper (association football)|goalkeepers]], but this is not compulsory under the laws of the game.
গোল কিকটি যদি থামা অবস্থায় কিক করা না হয় বা ভুল জায়গা থেকে দেওয়া হয়, তাহলে রেফারি পুনরায় কিক দেওয়ার সুযোগ দেন।
 
গোল কিক নেওয়ার সময় অন্য দলকে অবশ্যই পেনালটি এরিয়া থেকে দূরে অবস্থান করতে হবে। কিক নেওয়ার সময় অন্য দল যদি পেলান্টি এরিয়া ত্যাগ করার প্রস্তুতি নেয় বা নেওয়ার সময়ই কিক নেওয়া হয় তখন অন্য দল বল নেওয়ার চেষ্টা করতে পারবে বা তাদের পক্ষে কিক নেওয়ার জন্য আবেদন করতে পারবে।<ref name="clarification">{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://theifab.com/news/clarification-law-16-the-goal-kick|titleশিরোনাম=Clarification: Law 16, The Goal Kick|dateতারিখ=2019-08-02|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=2019-09-22}}</ref>
 
If an opposing player ''deliberately'' remains inside the penalty area, or enters the penalty area before the goal kick is taken, the goal kick is retaken. If this happens a number of times, the opposing player is booked for persistent infringement of the Laws of the Game.<ref name="clarification" />
 
A player who excessively delays the restart of play is cautioned.<ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=http://static-3eb8.kxcdn.com/documents/793/103202_200519_LotG_201920_EN_SinglePage.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=Laws of the Game 2019/20|pageপাতা=110|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=2020-02-09}}</ref>
 
If the kicker touches the ball a second time before it has been touched by another player, an [[indirect free kick]] is awarded to the opposing team from the place where the offence occurred, unless the second touch was also a more serious handling offence, which is punished by a [[direct free kick]] (or a [[Penalty kick (association football)|penalty kick]] if within the penalty area and the kicker was not the goalkeeper) for the opposing team.<ref name="Law 16 Guidance">{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/footballdevelopment/technicalsupport/refereeing/laws-of-the-game/law/newsid=1290877.html|titleশিরোনাম=Law 16 – The Goal Kick|publisherপ্রকাশক=[[FIFA]]|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=4 March 2014}}</ref>
 
== ইতিহাস ==
In 1867, following an amendment proposed by [[Wanderers FC]], the law was simplified; both the requirement for a touch-down, and the short-lived "touch-down" tiebreaker, were completely removed from the laws. The goal-kick could now be taken from any point "within six yards from the limit of [the] goal", and the opponents were forbidden from approaching within six yards of the ball.<ref>{{cite wikisource|title=Laws of the Game (1867)|quote=When the ball is kicked behind the goal line, it must be kicked off by the side behind whose goal it went, within six yards from the limit of their goal. The side who thus kick the ball are entitled to a fair kick off in whatever way they please without any obstruction, the opposite side not being able to approach within six yards of the ball.}}</ref>
 
One problem with these early rules was mentioned at the 1867 FA meeting:<ref>{{citeসাময়িকী journalউদ্ধৃতি |journalসাময়িকী=Bell's Life in London |titleশিরোনাম=The Football Association |dateতারিখ=1867-03-02 |pageপাতা=9 |issueসংখ্যা নং=2341 |urlইউআরএল=https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Football_Association_(Bell%27s_Life_in_London)_1867-03-02.png}}</ref> {{quote|Where one side was very much weaker than the other, a very great deal of time was wasted by players intentionally letting the ball go behind their own goal-line (in some instances kicking it there themselves) particularly in playing against time.}}
This state of affairs lasted until 1872, when the [[corner-kick]] law was introduced from [[Sheffield rules]] football. Under the 1872 law, a goal-kick could be awarded only when the ball was kicked directly ''over'' the goal (by either side). When the ball crossed the goal-line to ''the side'' of the goal, a corner-kick was awarded to either the attacking or defensive side, depending on which team last touched the ball before it went out of play.<ref>{{cite wikisource|title=Laws of the Game (1872)|quote=When the ball is kicked over the bar of the goal, it must be kicked off by the side behind whose goal it went, within six yards from the limit of their goal. The side who thus kick the ball are entitled to a fair kick off in whatever way they please; the opposite side not being allowed to approach within six yards of the ball. When the ball is kicked behind the goal line, a player of the opposite side to that which kicked it out shall kick it from the nearest corner flag. No player to be allowed within six yards of the ball until kicked.}}</ref>
This law was rewritten the next year (1873) on the basis of a proposal by [[Marlow F.C.|Great Marlow FC]]: a goal kick was awarded when the ball was kicked out of play over the goal-line by the attacking side. The kick had to be taken from within six yards of the nearest goal post.<ref>{{cite wikisource |title=Laws of the Game (1873)}}</ref> The 1873 law ran: {{quote|When the ball is kicked behind the goal-line by one of the opposite side, it shall be kicked off by any one of the players behind whose goal line it went, within six yards of the nearest goal post; but if kicked behind by any one of the side whose goal line it is, a player of the opposite side shall kick it from the nearest corner flag-post. In either case no other player shall be allowed within six yards of the ball until kicked off.}}
 
=== Name ===
The phrase "goal kick" is recorded in general usage as early as 1867,<ref>{{citeসাময়িকী journalউদ্ধৃতি|titleশিরোনাম=Football Rules|dateতারিখ=1867-03-16|pageপাতা=199|journalসাময়িকী=Field|authorলেখক=J.C.T[hring]|authorlinkলেখক-সংযোগ=John Charles Thring|quoteউক্তি=every time the ball passes the line a goal kick might be claimed}}</ref> but does not appear in the laws of the game until 1890.<ref name="laws_1890" /> Before this, phrases such as "kick it off from the goal line" were used.<ref>{{cite wikisource|title=Laws of the Game (1866)}}</ref>
 
=== Position of the kick ===
The goal kick of 1873 was taken from "within 6 yards of the goal post nearest the point where the ball went out of play". In 1891, pitch markings were added to define the six-yard radius from each goal-post.<ref>{{cite wikisource|title=Laws of the Game (1891)|quote=a line defining six yards from the goal posts and twelve yards from the goal lines shall also be marked out.}}</ref> In 1902, the term "[[goal area]]" was introduced for the place from which the goal kick was taken; it assumed its modern dimensions as a rectangle extending six yards from each goal post. The goal-kick had to be taken from the half of the goal area nearest to the spot where the ball went out of play.<ref>{{cite wikisource|title=Laws of the Game (1902)|quote=Lines shall be marked six yards from each goal-post at right angles to the goal-lines for a distance of six yards, and these shall be connected with each other by a line parallel to the goal-lines; the space within these lines shall be the goal area.}}</ref> This requirement was removed in 1992, when it was permitted to take the goal-kick from any point within the goal-area. This change was made in order to "eliminate[] one of the common timewasting tactics".<ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://ssbra.org/ifab/assets/pdf/1992min.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=International Football Association Board: 1992 Minutes of the Annual General Meeting|pageপাতা=14|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=2018-10-23}}</ref><ref name="fifa">{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://www.fifa.com/about-fifa/who-we-are/the-laws/1990-2000.html|titleশিরোনাম=History of the Laws of the Game - 1990-2000|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=2018-09-02}}</ref>
 
=== Position of opponents ===
In 1913 and 1914, the distance opponents were required to retreat was increased from six yards to ten yards.<ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://ssbra.org/ifab/assets/pdf/1913min.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=International Football Association Board: 1914 Minutes of the Annual General Meeting}}</ref><ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://ssbra.org/ifab/assets/pdf/1914min.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=International Football Association Board: 1914 Minutes of the Annual General Meeting}}</ref><ref name="laws_1913_14">The [[wikisource:Laws_of_the_Game_Laws of the Game (1913)|Laws of 1913]] are ambiguous: Law 7, which governs goal-kicks and corner-kicks, states "an opponent shall not be allowed within six yards of the ball until it is kicked off"; but Law 10, which governs several types of set-piece kicks, was changed to state that "the kicker's opponents shall not approach within '''10''' yards of the ball until the kick is taken". The Football Association used the new 10-yard rule for goal-kicks and corner-kicks during the 1913-14 season, while the Scottish Football Association used the older 6-yard rule -- see {{citeসাময়িকী journalউদ্ধৃতি|titleশিরোনাম=The New Free Kick Law|dateতারিখ=1913-10-06|pageপাতা=1|journalসাময়িকী=The Athletic News and Cyclists' Journal|issueসংখ্যা নং=1984}} This ambiguity was resolved in [[wikisource:Laws_of_the_Game_Laws of the Game (1914)|1914]] by requiring a 10-yard radius in both laws.</ref> In 1948, opponents were required to be completely outside the penalty area when the goal-kick was taken.<ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://ssbra.org/ifab/assets/pdf/1948min.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=International Football Association Board: 1948 Minutes of the Annual General Meeting|pageপাতা=6|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=2018-10-07}}</ref>
 
=== Putting the ball into play ===
In 1905, it was specified that the ball "must make a complete circuit or travel the distance of its circumference" before being in play.<ref name="laws_1905">{{cite wikisource|Laws of the Game (1905)|quote=When a free kick has been awarded, the kicker's opponents shall not approach within 6 yards of the ball unless they are standing on their own goal-line. '''The ball must at least be rolled over before it shall be considered played; i.e., it must make a complete circuit or travel the distance of its circumference'''. The kicker shall not play the ball a second time until it has been played by another player. The kick-off (except as provided by Law 2), '''corner-kick''', and goal-kick, shall be free kicks within the meaning of this Law. [emphasis added]}}</ref> In 1936, after a proposal by the [[Scottish Football Association]], a new restriction was added: it was specified that the goal-kick must leave the penalty area before becoming in play; if the ball does not leave the penalty area, the kick has to be retaken. The goalkeeper was also explicitly forbidden from "receiv[ing] the ball into his hands from a goal-kick in order that he may thereafter kick it into play".<ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://ssbra.org/ifab/assets/pdf/1936min.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=International Football Association Board: 1936 Minutes of the Annual General Meeting|pageপাতা=3|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=2018-10-23}}</ref><ref>{{citeসাময়িকী journalউদ্ধৃতি|titleশিরোনাম=Linesmen Must Be More Attentive|dateতারিখ=1936-08-29|pageপাতা=6|authorলেখক=Lantern|journalসাময়িকী=Sports Argus|locationঅবস্থান=Birmingham|issueসংখ্যা নং=2006}}</ref> In 2019, the requirement that the ball had to leave the penalty area was removed: the ball became in-play as soon as it was kicked and clearly moved.<ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=http://static-3eb8.kxcdn.com/documents/793/103202_200519_LotG_201920_EN_SinglePage.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=Laws of the Game 2019/20|pageপাতা=131}}</ref>
 
=== Scoring a goal from a goal kick ===
In 1890, it was forbidden to score a goal directly from a goal-kick.<ref name="laws_1890">{{cite wikisource|title=Laws of the Game (1890)|quote=In no case, save the penalty-kick, shall a goal be scored from any free kick, nor shall the ball be again played by the kicker until it has been played by another player. The kick-off, the corner-flag and goal-kicks shall be free kicks within the meaning of this rule.}}</ref> In 1997, the laws were amended to allow a goal to be scored directly from a goal-kick, but only against the opposing team.<ref name="fifa" /><ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://www.fifa.com/about-fifa/news/y=2000/m=8/news=starts-and-restarts-play-74128.html|titleশিরোনাম=Starts and restarts of play|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=2018-09-02}}</ref><ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://ssbra.org/ifab/assets/pdf/1997min.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=International Football Association Board: 1997 Minutes of the Annual General Meeting|pageপাতা=139|accessdateসংগ্রহের-তারিখ=2018-10-08}}</ref>
 
=== Touching the ball twice from a goal kick ===
 
=== Punishment for infringement ===
In 1890, an [[Free kick|indirect free-kick]] was awarded to the opposition when the player taking the goal kick touched the ball twice.<ref name="laws_1890" /> In 1939, it was clarified that this penalty did not apply if the ball was touched twice before it had entered play by leaving the penalty area—in that case the kick was to be retaken instead.<ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://ssbra.org/ifab/assets/pdf/1939min.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=International Football Association Board: 1937 Minutes of the Annual General Meeting|pageপাতা=4}}</ref>
 
In 1905, encroachment by the opposition at a goal-kick was also punished with an indirect free-kick.<ref>{{cite wikisource|title=Laws of the Game (1905)|quote=[Law 10]: When a free kick has been awarded, the kicker's opponents shall not approach within 6 yards of the ball unless they are standing on their own goal-line. The ball must at least be rolled over before it shall be considered played; i.e., it must make a complete circuit or travel the distance of its circumference. The kicker shall not play the ball a second time until it has been played by another player. The kick-off (except as provided by Law 2), corner-kick, '''and goal-kick''', shall be free kicks within the meaning of this Law.<br> [Law 17]: In the event of any infringement of Laws 5, 6, 8, '''10''', or 16, a free kick shall be awarded to the opposite side, [emphasis added]}}</ref> This penalty was removed in 1937.<ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://ssbra.org/ifab/assets/pdf/1937min.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=International Football Association Board: 1937 Minutes of the Annual General Meeting|pageপাতা=5|quoteউক্তি=Delete the words 'and goal-kick'}}</ref> In 1997, the laws explicitly stated that, in the case of encroachment by the opposition, the kick should be retaken.<ref>{{citeওয়েব webউদ্ধৃতি|urlইউআরএল=https://ssbra.org/ifab/assets/pdf/1997min.pdf|titleশিরোনাম=International Football Association Board: 1997 Minutes of the Annual General Meeting|at=p. 34 [p. 139 of PDF]}}</ref>
 
=== Summary ===
 
== তথ্যসূত্র ==
{{সূত্র তালিকা}}
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Association football laws}}
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