"আবুল হোসেন (লালমনিরহাটের রাজনীতিবিদ)" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

আবুল হোসেনের মুক্তিযুদ্ধে অবদান
(আবুল হোসেনের মুক্তিযুদ্ধে অবদান)
 
২০১৭ এর মহান বিজয় দিবসের বিকেল সাড়ে চারটায় রংপুর মেডিকেল কলেজ হাসপাতালের আইসিইউতে নিবিড় পরিচর্যায় থাকা এ বীর মুক্তিযোদ্ধার শরীরটা ধীরে ধীরে নিথর হয়ে গেল। তার মৃত্যু সংবাদ বিভিন্ন প্রিন্ট ও ইলেক্ট্রনিক মিডিয়ায় প্রচারিত হলো গোটা দেশে শোকের ছায়া নেমে আসে।মহামান্য রাষ্ট্রপতি, প্রধানমন্ত্রী ও মহান জাতীয় সংসদে তার মৃত্যুতে শোক প্রস্তাব গ্রহণ করা হয়। প্রয়াত এ নেতার প্রতি শেষ শ্রদ্ধা নিবেদন করেন দল-মত, ধর্ম-বর্ণ নির্বিশেষ সকল স্তরের মানুষ। ১৭ ডিসেম্বর বাদ জোহর মডেল হাইস্কুল খেলার মাঠে স্ম্রণকালের বৃহত্তম জনসমাবেশ ঘটে তার জানাজার নামাজে। জানাজা শেষে পুলিশ বাহিনীর একটি চৌকশ দল তার মরদেহকে বিঊগলের করুন সুর গান স্যালুট প্রদন করে। পরে নামাটারিস্থ পারিবারিক কবরাস্থানে তাঁকে রাষ্ট্রিয় মর্যাদায় সমাধিস্থ করা হয়। সূত্রঃ চিত্ত যেথা ভয়শূণ্য
 
== A Legend of Our Liberation War: Biography of a Patriotic Political Leader in Bangladesh ==
 
 
'''Introduction'''
 
 
We all are familiar (more or less) about a common idiom that says, “Great leaders are born, not made” (Barton, 1886 - 1967). This maxim sums-up the basic tenet of the “great man theory” of leadership, which concisely suggests that the capacity for leadership is inborn. According to this theory, history of the World is the biography of great men, reflecting his or her belief that heroes shape history through both their personal attributes and divine inspiration (Carlyle, 1840; Hirsch, 2002). In a true sense, history itself evident that a patriotic leader, not only deprives him/herself from luxurious lifestyle along with charming and enjoyable privileges. But s/he also keep asides all dependents from their own dues such as love, sympathy, affectionate and reciprocal sharing of soreness and momentous feelings in daily life. Because leader is born not to be confined within a bond of family circle rather s/he has plenty of responsibilities to perform for the progress in all respects in home and abroad irrespective of creeds, castes, religions, colour, sex, regions and community.
 
 
Mr.AbulHossain, his excellence former Member of Parliament for three inconsecutive terms of our ''JatiyaSangsad'' (National Parliament) is such a “noble man” who undoubtedly comparable with a genuine great leader both in theoretical and practical aspects. Indeed, he was born to serve others -rather to be served, to sacrifice whole life for the “have-nots and unprivileged-marginalized people”. He disliked in leading an extreme bourgeois relaxed life and his demand was purely for the peace of masses and he never preferred materialistic gain for himself, thus he is still respected and retained in the hearts of the general people. He will be adored and remembered forever-even after his departure (natural law) owing to his restricted and strict principles which he fostered lifelong since his toddler. Presently, Mr.Hossain has been suffering from dementia and hence, he affected by many physical snags including stroke but I do personally offer my best prayer to Almighty for his longevity, especially for his devoted contribution in achieving our glorious independence in 1971. Indeed, he is a symbol of our pride, our national inspiration and socio-political pathfinder to ahead for a prosperous state. However, this article has been designed on the basis of the application of theoretical model of “Great Man Leader”, specific to biographic study.
 
 
 
'''■ Great Men Theory and Leadership of Mr.AbulHossain (Ex. MP)'''
 
 
The great man theory was originally proposed by the historian Carlyle Thomas and he had a major influence on this theory of leadership, at one point stating that, “The history of the world is but the biography of great men.” According to Carlyle, effective leaders are those gifted with divine inspiration and the right characteristics. Some of the earliest research on leadership looked at people who were already successful leaders. These individuals often included aristocratic rulers who achieved their position through birthright. Because people of a lesser social status had fewer opportunities to practice and achieve leadership roles, it contributed to the idea that leadership is an inherent ability.
 
 
The great man theory of leadership became popular during the 19<sup>th</sup> century. The mythology behind some of the world’s most famous leaders such as Abraham Lincoln, Julius Caesar, Mahatma Gandhi and Alexander the Great helped contributing to the notion that great leaders are born and not made. In many examples, it seems as if the right man for the job seems to emerge almost magically to take control of a situation and lead a group of people into safety or success. Herbert Spencer suggested that the “Great leaders will arise when there is a great need”. Mr.AbulHossain similarly emerged to fulfil our crying needs at the moment – when we need him and his enormous support in order to surface a new sovereign state, Bangladesh. Particularly, he was very obedient to our “Great Leader”, father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman.   Even today, people often describe prominent leaders as having the right qualities or personality implying that inherent characteristics are what makes these people effective leaders. Mr.Hossain was not scared to death rather he uphold his full energies for a liberated state.
 
 
Early research on leadership was based on the study of people who were already great leaders. These people were often from the aristocracy, as few from lower classes had the opportunity to lead. Mr.AbulHossain is however, emerged from a middle-class family who had sacrifice his entire life for the progress of his countrymen. This contributed to the notion that leadership had something to do with breeding. The idea of the Great Man also strayed into the mythic domain, with notions that in times of need, a Great Man would arise, almost by magic which cannot be ignored in terms of the legendary and charismatic leadership role of Mr.AbulHossain during the liberation war of 1971, especially in the north-west part of Bangladesh. It has been said that history is nothing but stories of great men. Certainly, much has this bias, although there is of course also much about people and broader life.
 
'''■ Ingredients of Great Man Theory in Light of Mr.AbulHossain'''
 
 
Many believe that “Great leaders are God-gifted, not man-made”. This dictum reflects the results of a popular theory known as “Great Man Theory of Leadership”, which relates to the fact that leadership traits are inbuilt. In other words, there is a binary answer to the question of knowing whether someone is a leader or not, meaning that someone were either born as a great leader or not. However, the following factors or attributes are the key ingredients of such a great man leadership.
 
'''1.'''    '''''Professional Commitment''''':  Great leaders are always ready to accept risks for sake of peoples’ happiness and prosperity in all respects of a state. Their patriotic inside feelings inclined them to be forwarded with steady.  They are used to hug risks with their daily lives that most general people avoid. Mr.AbulHossain cordially accepted all sorts of risks in his personal life during the period of liberation war. He had a strong professional commitment in ousting Pakistani enemies from Bangladesh.  
 
'''2.'''    '''''Self-Confidence''':''  Every great leader believes in himself and his ability to “make a difference.”  Even a hard core progressive leader, for example, must believe that s/he can wiggle free from the crushing influences of the ambient socio-economic environment long enough to change that environment for others. Mr.AbulHossain has had the similar type of self-confidence due to his progressive leadership quality in achieving our victory in the liberation war.
 
'''3.'''    '''Societal ''Superstition'''''<nowiki/>'':''  While most would deny it, great leaders share a superstitious sense that it is their ''destiny'' to succeed. This in turn provides a mysterious skill for rejecting any environmental noise from peers, pundits and experts that may argue otherwise. Societal superstition was fragile in front of courageous approaches of Mr.Hossain. Societal superstation and religious fundamentalism could not restrain him towards his destination. Local collaborates argue that West Pakistani are the protector of Islam and thus they are ours brother in terms of religious tie. So, we must support them to keep united Pakistan at any cost rather to split it out. Here, like many others, Mr.Hossain vigorously upholds his vocal and mechanical arms to defeat such types of social and radical blindness.    
 
'''4.'''    '''Seeking ''Challenge'''''<nowiki/>'':''  Every great leader seeks challenges rather than fairness. Mr.Hossain embraced the hardcore challenges of liberation war to safe and uphold our own culture, traditions, national spirits, as well as to preserve our socio-political and economic rights from the capture of Pakistani military junta.
 
'''5.'''   '''''Persistence in Work''':''  Every great leader has a persistent in work to make the work properly done and it depends on hard work and determination. In evaluating Mr.Hossain’s prudence outlook, it could easily be argued that he has had a strong persistent in work because of his assiduous workforce and strong determination. 
 
'''6.''Determination in Action'''''<nowiki/>''.''  Great leaders aggressively ''act''. Most people ''wait'' until something in their environment – like their boss – tells them what to do. In fact, great leaders rely on the hesitancy of others for the competitive lead time that is so crucial for success. In view of Mr.Hossain’s historical struggle, it would not be exaggerated to comment that his promise was determined on to achieve our goal.
 
'''7.'''   '''''Optimist rather than Pessimist''':''  Great leaders are invariably optimists. Their glass is perpetually half full about what committed people can achieve either individually or even better as a team. Mr.Hossain was a full-range of optimistic in acquiring the independence by struggle. After exploring his biographic episodes, it can be claimed that he was never a pessimist fighter in his life-long experience.
 
'''8.'''   '''''People’s Sovereignty''':''  All the above traits might be subsumed under the single term, faith.  Like Mr.Hossain, all the great leaders believe that through the dint of their own efforts and those who are attracted to them almost anything in life can be accomplished and almost any challenge can be overcome to establish people’s sovereignty. Mr.Hossain strongly believes that peoples’ voice is the voice of nature and it should not be restrained anyway.  
 
'''9.  Patriotism:''' All great leaders wholeheartedly believe patriotism and the patriotism means nationalism i.e., affection and devotion for own-people, culture, soil, water, territorial boundary, own air and sky, societal tradition and rituals and so forth. All the attributes of patriotism are adhered in the natural phenomena of Mr.AbulHossain’s character. Thus, he is equivalent to a great leader in theoretical ground, especially for his challenging and legendary movement in the liberation war of 1971.
 
'''10.  Simplicity and Strong Personality:''' Every great man leaders’ life-style is very simple and they rarely favour to lead luxurious standard of living. They are the representatives of people and they are glad – when masses are glad. It has been found that Mr.Hossain favourers to lead very ordinary life-style because of his simple and honest personality. It could be stated that many of his contemporary so-called politicians are now affluent of illegal properties. But it is true that none of them will be placed in the hearts of the people.
 
 
'''■ Ancestral Identity and Family Life'''
 
 
Mr.AbulHossain was born in an aristocratic Muslim Family at the village of Namatary (Saptana), PO, Upazila and District, Lalmonirhat on 4<sup>th</sup> April 1935 in his village home. His father, AlhajKachimUddin was a reputed person in the northern part of Bangladesh. It could be noted that his father was known by surrounding districts as “Kuchi Master” for his renowned contribution for extending overall education and for the establishment of various socio-academic institutions in his regions. Mr.Hossain’s mother (MosammatAshmaKhatun) was a compassionate and caring house wife who indeed influenced to infant Hossain for his home-based primary education. Inherently, it was revealed that Hossain’s forefathers were from “Sheikh” lineal. Mr.Hossain married to HasnaBanu and they have “four sons and two daughters”[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn5|[5]]]. Every one of his successors is educated and well-established as well as reputed at their own dignified professions. Mr.Hossain was the eldest son of Mr.KachimUddin and AshmaKhatun. Another son, Mr.MokbulHossain was former Mayor of Lalmonirhat''Pourasava''. Present Mayor, Mr.Riazul Islam Rintu is of their successor.
 
'''■ Academic Credentials'''
 
 
Mr.AbulHossain’s educational achievement was a cluster of diverse institutions. Mainly, he believes that formal, non-formal and life-based people-oriented educations are equally significant to be a well-versed educated human being. No nation can achieve its goal without reaching its targeted level of national education. However, Mr.Hossain was nurtured his primary education at LalmonirhatShaptana''Madrasha'', secondary and Matriculation (first entrance examination) from Lalmonirhat Model High School in 1953. Subsequently, he was admitted at the Jagannath College (now University) in Dhaka from where he completed his Intermediate Education. Mr.Hossain passed Bachelor degree from Lalmonirhat College. It could be mentioned that after his graduation, he intensely involved in politics and thus, he could not continue his further study.
 
 
'''■ Social Works and Founder of Charitable Organizations'''
 
 
Mr.AbulHossain was a great political fan of Bangabandhu and stanch activist of Bangladesh ''Chatra'' League (Student League) and afterwards became a devote leader of Bangladesh Awami League. He was very faithful and intimate to the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman since his political affiliation with the Awami League (AL). His father, Mr.KachimUddinwas a devotee fonder of erudition and a conscious person of the society. His father founded plenty of educational institutions including Mosques and ''Madrasha''. To maintain the chronological chain of his father’s contribution, Mr.Hossain also established various socio-educational institutions as well as charitable organizations. Among them some reputed include: 
 
 
Mr.AbulHossain was the founding Chairman (1972 – 1975) of the Red Cross Society at Kurigram Unit. During the sever famine of 1974, Mr.Hossain opened more than 100 Charitable food distribution and shelter centres (known as ''longkorkhana'' in Bangla) both in Lalmonirhat and Kurigram sub-division. He also referred many of the affected and sick people to Dhaka Red Cross Society for free treatment. In 1999, he became the Honourable Board Members of the Central Committee of the Central Red Cross Society. Subsequently, in 2001, he was awarded with the post of Vice-Chairman. During the acute flood of 2011, he sincerely distributed plenty of food relief for the flood-affected people all over the country. Mr.Hossain was the Founding President of the Lalmonirhat Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) and he performed his duties as President for a total period of three consecutive terms. He performed his assigned duties as an honourable member of Managing Committee (1980 – 1982) for the Federation Bureau of Chambers and Commerce Industry (FBCCI).
 
 
Mr.Hossain is a donating member of Poet ‘Sheikh FazlulKarim’[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn6|[6]]] Girls’ High School as well as he was the President of the governing body of Lalmonirhat College. He was the president of the Lalmonirhat College ''KrishiKhamar'' (Agricultural Farm). After the liberation war of 1971, the Lalmonirhat College collapsed by the serious devastating role of the Pakistani army and it was quite impossible to restart academic activities in such a vulnerable condition. Mr.Hossain leased 98 acres of government abundant land adjacent to the College premises and that he turned into a fertile agricultural farm. He cultivated various crops in this fertile land and within a couple of years; the College was able to mitigate all the salaries of the teachers and other expenditures from the sources of income of the agricultural farm.Mr.AbulHossain was an elected Member of Provincial Assembly (MPA) of 1970 election from the banner of the Awami League and therefore, after liberation (1971), the sole responsibilities were bestowed on the shoulder of Mr.Hossain to reconstruct all the fragile academic institutions. He particularly, contributed to renovate the GiusUddin High School, Lalmonirhat College and many other institutions by his personal initiative but certainly local “wealthy people”[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn7|[7]]] supported him by funds. Accordingly, Mr.Hossain devotedly initiated to repair all the devastated academic institutions though there was lack of required funds but he could manage by the strong support of the wealthy people of his constituency (Rangpur – 14). 
 
 
He contributed to reconstruct the all primary and secondary institutions, particularly those were situated at the erosions areas of ''Tistha'' River and its surrounding newly emerged sandy islands. He bought required lands to make play ground for the students of schools, college and ''Madrasha'' as well as he also initiated to obtain government funds and relief tin for the development and renovation of Mosques of the Lalmonirhat district after the liberation war in Bangladesh. It has been evident that in several cases, he promoted required financial support from his personal funds for the destitute people and to renovate various devastated academic and religious institutions of his area. Being a Muslim, he was not only kind to his religious fellows but also equally he was munificent to other religious-practitioners as well, for example, he donated funds to repair the temples for Hindu religious. These temples were looted by the ''Bihari'' and ''Albadr'', ''Alshams'' and ''Razakars'' who collaborated to the Pakistani soldiers during the bloody war of nine months. As noted earlier, after the liberation war, all the educational institutions were seriously broken and devastated. Mr.Hossain initiated to revive these institutions through various charitable programmes like exhibition of cultural, agricultural, health and education. He earned plenty of cash money and accordingly he distributed this money among the most affected institutions for repair and renovation within the most shortage period of time. These excellent funds raising strategies were very praiseworthy and popular among the people and he is still remembered for this innovative and historic initiative to reconstruct these institutions.
 
 
'''■ Incredible Legend and Organiser in the Liberation War, 1971'''
 
 
Mr.AbulHossain (former Law Maker) was an incredible and legendary fighter in our glorious liberation war of 1971. In retrospect, since his schooling, he was actively involved in ''Chatra League'' (Student League) politics under the charismatic leadership of our great leader and Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman. He was elected Vice-President (VP) of Lalmonirhat College in the academic session of 1965 – 1966 under the panel of “Abul-Shahidullah-Monowara Pasha”. Afterwards, he left for Jagannath College in Dhaka for higher studies where he strongly involved in politics of central ''Chatra League''. During his involvement in central ''Chatra'' League, Mr.Hossain was very close associate of ASM Abdur Rob, ShajahanSiraj, Abdul QuddusMakhon and Tofael Ahmed who were known four veterans Caliph of that period in ''Chatra'' League politics. Mr.AbulHossain actively participated in different political agitations in Dhaka against General Ayub regime under the leadership of Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman. Consequently, the Pakistani military ruler accused him along with other students’ political leaders. He was thrown into the Dhaka Central Jail. However, he was released from jail within a couple of months and then he was bound to return to his own town (Lalmonirhat) after completion his Intermediate Education from Jagannath College. After coming back to Lalmonirhat, he admitted into the Lalmonirhat College for graduation.
 
 
Mr.AbulHossain concentrated his full energies to strengthen the Awami League in Lalmonirhat and its surrounding Districts. He circulated the basic principles and policies of Sheikh MujiburRahman among the masses of his surrounding districts with rapid initiatives after his return from Dhaka. He actively involved in local politics to spark out the AL’s policies.  He was a successful organiser and veteran motivator as well as his charismatic leadership convinced the general people within a short span of time to be united under the banner of AL. The ''Chatra'' League and the AL of Kurigram and Lalmonirhat districts became ever stronger and united due to his tireless efforts. After the declaration of “Six Points” movement on 6<sup>th</sup> February 1966 at Lahore with a view to ascertain our political right by Bangabandhu, Mr.Hossain vividly spread out this programmes like “Magna Carta[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn8|''''''[8]'''''']]” within the nearest districts for our survival.
 
 
 
He vigorously protested against the “Agortala Conspiracy Case”[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn9|[9]]] which was filed against Sheikh Mujib and his closest veteran Associates of the AL. After the election of 1970, the West-Pakistani military dictators were absolutely unwilling to handover state-power to the AL though the AL achieved majority seats (167 out of 313) of the National Legislative Assembly. The AL also won 288 seats out of 300 in the Provincial Assembly of East-Pakistan. Mr.AbulHossain was one of the veteran winning candidates among them from the constituency of Rangpur – 14 (Kurigram - Lalmonirhat). After the long negotiation with the Pakistani dictators, Sheikh MujiburRahmangave a historic speech on 7<sup>th</sup> March 1971 at the ''Ramna'' Race Course ''Maidan'' in Dhaka to a gathering of over two million people. He spoke at a time of increasing tensions between East Pakistan and the powerful political and military establishment of West Pakistan. The Bangali people were inspired to prepare for a potential war of independence, amid widespread reports of armed mobilization by West Pakistan. During the speech, Sheikh Mujib proclaimed, “Our struggle is for our freedom. Our struggle is for our independence” (in Bangla: ''এবারেরসংগ্রামআমাদেরমুক্তিরসংগ্রাম, এবারেরসংগ্রামস্বাধীনতারসংগ্রাম'').Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman’s historic speech of 7<sup>th</sup> March, 1971 has effectively been selected as one of the most stimulating and inspirational wartime speeches in an international book written by Jacob F. Field (2013: 201). The book is a collection of extracts from the most inspirational wartime speeches of the last 2,500 years i.e., from Cicero to Churchill and Lincoln to Mao Zedong (or Tse-tung). Bangabandhu’s speech has been placed on page 201 under the title of “The Struggle This Time Is the Struggle for Independence”.
 
 
He also announced the civil disobedience movement in the province, calling for “every house to turn into a fortress”. The war eventually began 18 days later (25<sup>th</sup> of March 1971), when the Pakistan Army launched “Operation Searchlight”[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn10|[10]]] against Bangali civilians, intelligentsia, students, politicians and armed personnel. Sheikh Mujib was arrested on the 25<sup>th</sup> March at mid-night and took away in West Pakistan but before departure, he announced the “declaration of independence”.
 
 
Afterwards, Mr.Hossain was fully frustrated but not politically demoralized because of the absence of our great leader Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman. The liberation war has already been started all around the country; the Bangalis were brutally killed in everywhere. In such a catastrophic situation, Mr.Hossain left for India on 4<sup>th</sup> April 1971 and met with the central leaders of the AL such as FozleHaque (MLA) and NorendraBabu at Cooch Behar.He also met with the District Commissioner (DC) of Cooch Behar and the Sub-Divisional Officer (SDO''')''' of Dinhata on 6<sup>th</sup> April. He discussed with them about the shelter of Bangalis refugees, their foods, treatment as well as training for the newly recruited Bangali young freedom fighters.
 
 
Mr.Hossain had to move in all directions for the overall management of on-going liberation war, especially around the border areas between Bangladesh and India as well as Cooch Behar to Kolkata at any moment. In such a horrific situation, his movement was not safe and secured at all as agents of the Pakistani military intelligent were also moving to collect information. To make his safe movement, a hand-writing notification was signed and proclaimed by the renowned businessman, Sri Rejendra Chandra Chatterjee, the President of the Dinhata Congress, Cooch Behar on 6<sup>th</sup> April 1971 towards the local students union and the activists of Congress to assure free movement of Mr.AbulHossain. The written notification of announcement was given in Chatterjee’s own pad that reads as follows:
 
 
“Rejendra Chandra Chatterjee                                                                Phone: DHT
 
                  P.O. DINHATA
 
Dist: Cooch Behar
 
''To, All workers of ChatraParisad& Congress workers. Please do not disturb the Motor Cycle of Sri AbulHossain M. P. A. This is specially used for the MuktiFouz.” Please do not disturb.”[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn11|'''[11]''']]''
 
Rejendra Chandra Chatterjee
 
6/4/71”
 
As evidence, the true photocopy of that hand-writing is placed beneath:
 
'''Evidence –1:  Hand-Writing Notification of Rejendra Chandra Chatterjee'''
 
''Source:            Author has received the photocopy of hand-writing image from Haque, Hamidul, DG of NAEM on 28<sup>th</sup> September, 2015.''
 
 
Mr.Hossain wholeheartedly tried to collect freedom fighters to reinforce the liberation war. During the sparking days of liberation war of Bangladesh, Mr.Hossain was overwhelming courageous to defeat the Pakistani-imperialist enemies from our beloved mother land at any cost.  Pertinently, Fayezuddin Ahmed, Zonal Administrative Officer, North Zone, Bangladesh requested all concerned by a written letter to support Mr.AbulHossain’s (MPA) attempt in connection with the recruitment of ''MuktiFouz'' for Fakir Gram Refugee Camp. He was assured that all sorts of cooperation would be rendered to him with regard to recruit young ''MuktiFouz'' as many as possible. As evidence, the historic letter was as follows:
 
“Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
 
Zonal Administrative Office
 
North Zone, COOCH BEHAR
 
'''(TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN)'''
 
 
This is to certify that Mr.AbulHossain, MPA.,People’s Republic of Bangladesh, is proceeding to Fakir Gram Refugee Camp, DistGoalpara, Assam, in connection with recruitment of YOUTHS, who are willing to enlist as Mukti-Fouz.
 
I shall be grateful for all cooperation and assistance extended to him.
 
SD (Signature)
 
'''Fayezuddin Ahmed'''
 
Zonal Administrative Officer, North Zone, Bangladesh
 
'''Copy forwarded to''':-
 
1.   The Dy. Commissioner, Goalpara, ASSAM.
 
2.   The S.D.O. Goalpara, ASSAM.
 
3.   The Camp-in-Charge, Fakir Gram Refugee Camp, Goalpara, ASSAM.
 
For information and necessary action.”
 
The photocopy of that exact letter is placed below as authentic evidence.
 
 
'''Evidence - 2: Letter of Fayezuddin Ahmed to all Concerns to Support Mr.Hossain'''
 
 
 
''Source: The author has received the photocopy of this letter (image) from Haque, Hamidul, DG of the NAEM on 28<sup>th</sup> September 2015.''
 
In connection with the financial management, an Office Order was issued to Mr.AbulHossain by Fayezuddin Ahmed, Zonal Administrative Officer, Northern Zone, Bangladesh on 23<sup>rd</sup> June 1971 that promoted Rs. 400 to Mr.Hossain for the expenses of meal of newly recruited 400 freedom fighters at the Dinhata. The office order was as follows:
 
 
'''Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh'''
 
Zonal Administrative Office
 
North Zone, Cooch Behar
 
Memo. No. 27 (5) dt. 23.6.71
 
'''Office Order'''
 
Since the 400 youths are being collected at Dinhata day-after-tomorrow from outstation camps, it would be necessary to arrange Mid-day Meal for these Boys at Dinhata before they are transported to Tapurhat. An amount of Rs. 400/= (Rupees Four Hundred) only is being advanced to Mr.AbulHossain, MPA., who is requested to make the necessary arrangement for feeding the Boys.
 
SD (Signature)
 
'''Fayezuddin Ahmed'''
 
Zonal Administrative Officer, North Zone, Bangladesh
 
'''Copy to''':-
 
1.   Mr. A. Razzaque, MPA., Recruiting Officer – with a request to kindly see that boys from Cooch Behar camp should leave on 29<sup>th</sup> morning.
 
2.   Cashier – for necessary action.
 
 
The exact true copy of that office order is placed below as genuine evidence.
 
'''Evidence – 3: Office Order of Fayezuddin Ahmed'''
 
''Source:   The author has received the document from Haque, Hamidul and DG of the NAEM on 28<sup>th</sup> September 2015.''
 
Mr.Hossain indeed collected at about of 10 thousand youths who were sent to 19 camps of Dinhata sub-division. Gidalota, Okrabari and Dinhata camps were operated under his direct supervision. He was assigned to collect freedom fighters from the Fakir Gram of Assam. It is documented that he was requested to collect 200 youths (who will later be freedom fighters) for training through a letter, issued by the In-Charge of Shahebgonj, North Zone, Cooch Behar, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh (exiled), in India on 28<sup>th</sup> August 1971. The letter was as follows:
 
''“I do hereby send 200 (two hundred) youths for higher training under your kind guidance as per the letter no. nil, dt, 27.8.71 the Zonal Administrator, Northern Zone, Bangladesh. List of the youths with their full particulars are attached herewith”[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn12|'''[12]''']]''
 
 
As evident of solid copy of that exact letter is attached below for the authentication of the above statement:
 
 
'''Evidence - 2: Letter of Zonal Administrative Officer, Northern Zone, Cooch Behar'''
 
 
'''''Source:''''' ''The author has received the photo copy of this letter from HaqueHamidul, DG of the NAEM on 28<sup>th</sup> September, 2015''
 
A total of more than 10 thousand freedom fighters were trained-up under his direct supervision in India. He fought under the sector of six (6) that operated active liberation war at the Northern parts of Bangladesh. Mr.Hossain gathered youths from the different refugees’ camps of Assam and initiated to enlist them into ''MuktiFouz'' (Freedom Fighters). According to the statement of Mr.AbulHossain, he was able to send total 17,000 youths to the ''JubuShibir'' for the training as freedom fighters[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn13|[13]]]. Some other nationalist and populist leaders of the then AL cooperated in collecting them. Among them communist leader Sri ChittaRanjon Deb, Dr.Nuzrul Islam, Abdul Kader and KaziMuslemUddin are famous[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn14|[14]]]. 
 
 
'''■ Mr.Hossain’s Escapade Adventure in Liberation War'''
 
Many of our incredible episodes are still covered and most of them are not documented in the archive of the history of liberation war in Bangladesh. Many freedom fighters are still alive and they become nostalgic when they expressed their momentous experience with new generations. Among others, heroic and bravo freedom fighter, Mr AbulHossain did a tremendous adventure for the financial support of the refugees and freedom fighters during the liberation war of 1971. The date was on 18<sup>th</sup> April 1971, he was just a bold young man and everywhere the bloody fighting was extended. The Bangladesh part seriously resisted with firearms to the Pakistani army under the direction of “Mujib Nagar Government”[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn15|[15]]].       
 
 
During the sparkle moment of arms struggle, the young veteran fighter, Mr.Hossain as a General Secretary of the Kurigram District AL moved with a 2.2 bore Rifle from Bhurungamari to Chilmari by a motor cycle. Earlier, he shifted his old mother, wife and adolescents as well as infant, boys and girls to the Shimulbari of Fulbari which was adjacent to Indian border. In the meantime, his home and other houses were entirely burned by the Pakistani army associated with local collaborators. All of his properties were looted and ransacked by the Razakars and Pak Sena, in fact nothing were remaining to live on of his memorial father’s home. Many of his relatives and neighbours were slaughtered with firearms.
 
 
All of his business institutions, go downs of jutes, shops were forcefully occupied by the Pakistani Bihari and local collaborates. Notwithstanding, Mr.Hossain then did not lose his courage and determination. He rather strongly initiated to prevent the Pakistani occupiers from our beloved motherland at any cost. He motivated all the young men to protect Kurigram and Lalmonirhat from the barbarian atrocities of Pakistani army and thus he put some compartments of goods train reversely on the rail line, so that the Pakistani soldiers would not be able to entrance into these towns. He collapsed the roads and railway communications among the Razarhat, Kurigram, Lalmonirhat and Rangpur.
 
At the morning of 19<sup>th</sup> April 1971, he went to Kurigram with his Rifle and a gun along with his some young political comrades for an unprecedented operation in the history of the liberation war of 1971. He stopped his journey in front of the new Kurigram Government Treasury and he was strongly associated with his most trustworthy young supporters and general people. The guards of the Treasury were captured prior to assume the motives of the rebels. The heavy locks of the treasury were recurrently broken by the hummers, crowbars, gads, ironic rods and other handmade tools. Immediately, a message was conveyed that the Pakistani Arm-forces were entering into the Kurigram after necessary renovation of broken and prevented rail lines. Rapidly Mr.Hossain had broken all the locks and took away all the revenue money and gold from the Treasury and put them into 57 Jute bags with the convulsed slogan of “''Joy Bangla''”, a prominent slogan of Bangladesh during the period of independence against Pakistani imperialism. 
 
 
He also took away all the Gold and other precious coins and metal from the safe vault of the Kurigram Treasury. Mr.Hossain and his accompanies put all the valuable materials into 29 wooden boxes and covered with strong nails and sealed them out for security concerned to support our patriotic freedom fighters. They then rented 17 cow-carts and 15 cars to carry all the recovered commodities from the Kurigram Treasury.  He was in front of the convoy of carriages along with his Rifle and Gun and they were proceeding towards the Bhurungamari border of India. After crossing the border, he rented two trucks with the support of local Congress and Communist leaders and loaded all the goods to reach at the DC office of Cooch Behar of India. The DC was surprised to know the fact and then he communicated with the higher authority of Calcutta and Delhi. The DC was directed to receive all the goods in front of local MP Mr.BinoyKrishnah Das Chowdhury and to preserve them in the safe custody of Cooch Behar Treasury. Accordingly, the DC counted all the goods in front of District Magistrate and MP and then he received a total of Tk. 1.40 crore and 15 Kg Gold from Mr.AbulHossain. On the next day (20<sup>th</sup> April), according to the rules of Indian Government, all the money and Gold were deposited in the  Cooch Behar Treasury jointly signed and endorsed by local MP (Mr.BinoyKrishnah Das Chowdhury) and Mr.AbulHossain (MPA). This arrangement was sealed and witnessed by some other veteran political leaders[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn16|[16]]]. 
 
 
After depositing all the valuable goods in the Treasury of Cooch Behar, they (MNA and MPA of Kurigram) conveyed a secret meeting to find out the best ways - on how to spend this money for the Freedom Fighters of the liberation war and thus a final decision was adopted to convey Mr.Hossain to contact with the exiled government of Mujibnagar shifted in Calcutta. Everyone shared the conveyances of Mr.Hossain. At the early of May 1971, Mr.Hossain met with Tajuddin Ahmed (Prime Minister) at the 8<sup>th</sup> Theatre Road of Kolkata and informed him all the episodes of Kurigram Treasury Operation and handed over all documents of depositing goods to Cooch Behar Treasury. Tajuddin Ahmed (PM) was highly praised and embraced him with offering heartiest congratulation for such an unprecedented record of operation. This amount of money was really very essential in such a crucial struggling moment. He (PM) stated to Mr Hossain that the revolutionary government was tremendously in hardship even to buy a sheet of paper and in such a situation this money would smoothly gear-up the liberation war. He also assured to Mr.Hossain that the money would be drawn out properly in consultation with the central government of India as soon as possible.
 
 
Meanwhile, Mr.Hossain was engaged in collecting youths for preparing them as freedom fighters from the border areas of Bangladesh to regenerate our independent war vigorously. Therefore, he was out of contact for some days with the higher officials of Mujibnagar government. In addition, he was also tremendously involved in shifting enormous refugees coming from Bangladesh. His physical condition did not permit him to move like earlier because of his hard labour. He never cares about himself and even his family affairs due to tremendous politico-psychological pressure as a great leader who had a patriotic dream of liberated Bangladesh. In such of his disappearance for some days, the then Minister for Foreign Affairs, Law and Parliamentary Affairs write a letter on 13<sup>th</sup> June 1971 to him expressing his anxiety. Minister also offered his fullest support as well as financial assistance to Mr.AbulHossain for settling-down his family. The written version of that letter is as follows:
 
 
'''Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh'''
 
Mujibnagar
 
June 13, 1971
 
My dear Abul H,
 
As you are no doubt aware, the struggle for preservation of the independence of Bangladesh is entering a new and critical phase. With the increasing military activities, the enemy forces will be facing an acute difficulty in the coming months, it is necessary now to consolidate all our efforts to provide a final coup de grace to the enemy.
 
 
We are anxious to know where you are all staying and how you are faring under admittedly difficult circumstances. If your family have moved away from original home, have they been given as best an accommodation as can be provided under the existing circumstances?
 
 
These and many other things about your welfare and that of your families naturally have been our constant anxiety and we are eager to minimise the hardship as best as we can before we all can devote our fullest time and energy for the attainment of victory.
 
 
I would, therefore, appreciate if you could kindly give us the relevant information about yourself and your family in the enclosed proforma. We would also like to have a copy of your biodata in the proforma enclosed.
 
 
The messenger who will carry this letter to you will bring back your replies so that we can make the quickest arrangement for utilizing your talents, experience and services for the cause of Bangladesh at this critical moment of our history.
 
With kind regards,
 
Your sincerely, Sd (Signature)
 
Minister for Foreign Affairs, Law and Parliamentary Affairs
 
Mr.AbulHossain, M.P.A.
 
 
'''''Source:''''' ''The author of this article has received a scraped latter from Haque, Hamidul on 27<sup>th</sup> September 2015. ''
 
 
The true photocopy of this letter, signed by Foreign Minister is being collected from Professor Md. HamidulHaque for details biographic study on Mr.AbulHossain. To make the above statement authentic and reliable, the actual photocopy of that letter is attached below:
 
 
'''Evidence - 4: Letter from Foreign Minister to Mr.AbulHossain (MPA)'''
 
''Source: The author has received the true photocopy of this letter from Haque, Hamidul, DG of NAEM on 28<sup>th</sup> September 2015.''
 
 
Pertinently, it could be noted that there was a bit hassle to cash out the money and gold from the Cooch Behar Treasury due to administrative procedural complication. As a result, again some days later, Mr Hossain was required to go to Cooch Behar through an urgent message. Zonal Administrator, Mr.Foyezzuuddin Ahmed of Cooch Behar informed to Mr.Hossain that his authorised signature was required to handed-over the total money to the Exile government of Calcutta under a negotiation with Indian government. He further informed that, Mr.MatiurRahman, President of the Trade Board was consulted about the matter. To get back (withdrawal) the cash from the Treasury, it was needed to bring a “Letter of Authorisation” from Mr.BinoyKrisnah Das Chowdhury (MLA), authorised by Mr.AbulHossain (MPA) as his counter signature was given at the moment of deposit. Eventually, Mr.AbulHossain was sent to Calcutta to do so. The corresponding letter between the parties was as follows:
 
 
 
''“Zonal Administrator Northern Zone COOCH BEHAR Memo No. 133 (3) dt. 26.7.71 Since the authority letter from Mr.Binoy Krishna Das Chowdhury, M.P, which is required in connection with the withdrawal of Bangladesh money from Cooch Behar treasury, has not yet been received, it is thought expending to send one of the signatories, Mr.AbulHossain MPA, to New Delhi & approach Mr. Das Chowdhury personally for the authority letter. The matter was discussed with Mr.MatiurRahman MNA & President of the Trade Board Bangladesh Govt. at Siliguri and it was decided that Rs 150/- (Rupee one hundred & fifty only) would be advance to Mr.AbulHossain MNA, for his passage to the from Calcutta. Mr.Hossain passage from Calcutta to New Delhi & return will be arranged by Mr.MatiurRahman MNA. Accordingly RS.150/- (Rupee one hundred & fifty) only is being advanced to Mr.Hossain. A specimen form in which the D.C men form in which the D.C Cooch Behar desires the authority letter to be issued by Mr. Das Chowdhury is also furnished with Mr.AbulHossain MPA.''
 
''Fayezuddin Ahmed,Zonal Administrator, Northern Zone”[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn17|'''[17]''']]''
 
In response to the above letter Mr.Hossain again left for Kolkata at the end of July 1971 and met with the supreme authorities of the exiled Revolutionary Government of Bangladesh. After receiving required information from them, again he left for Delhi to meet Mr.Binoy Krishna Das Chowdhury (MLA). On 3<sup>rd</sup> August 1971, he boarded in Lodhi Hotel (Room No- 59) at the rate of Rs. 100/- as a rent in Delhi. The image of the receipt of the Lodhi Hotel which was issued to Mr.Hossain on his board is placed beneath to be confirmed as a genuine source of information of his travel to Delhi on that specific data:
 
 
 
'''Evidence – 5: Image of the Receipt of Lodhi Hotel of Mr.AbulHossain (MPA)'''
 
'''''Source:''''' ''The Author has received this document from HaqueHamidul, DG of NAEM on 28<sup>th</sup> September 2015.''
 
An emergency session of the Lok Sava was conveying on his arrival in Delhi. As a result, Mr.Hossain has to meet Mr.Chowdhury in the House of Parliament (Lok Sava) to receive the letter of Authorisation in order to withdraw the deposited money and Gold from the Cooch Behar Treasury. Soon after he received the Authorisation Letter from Mr.Chowdhury, he left for Calcutta to hand over the document to the supreme commands of the Revolutionary Government of Bangladesh. The “Authorisation Letter” of Mr.Binoy Krishna Das Chowdhury was as follows:  
 
 
''“SreeBinoy Krishna Das Chowdhury, Member of Parliament (Lok Sava), do hereby authorise Mr.MozaharHossainChowdhury, MNA, AbulHossain MPA, Abdul Hakim MPA, ShamsulHaqueChowdhury MPA, NawajeshUddin, Arun Kumar Bhattacharjee to withdraw & take delivery on my behalf, the currency, coins & gold ornaments in 29 (twenty nine scaled boxes) & 57 (fifty seven) - sealed gunny bags which I along with them deposited into Cooch Behar treasury for safe custody on 20.04.71. I issue this authority letter as it is not possible for me to be present before the Dy. Commissioner Cooch Behar at the time of withdrawal of the said scaled boxes & bags for unavoidable reasons. This letter is issued in presence of one of the depositor namely Mr.AbulHossain MPA who has also attested my signature.”[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn18|'''[18]''']]''
 
 
On 8<sup>th</sup> August 1971, Mr Hossain returned to Calcutta and met Tajuddin Ahmed (PM) with the “Letter of Authorisation” and on received the letter of authorisation, Tajuddin Ahmed called upon Finance Secretary K. A. Zaman to discuss with this letter. The decision was taken to use a chartered plane to bring all the money and gold boxes from Cooch Beharto Calcutta as because of the extreme security and other concerns. The Finance Secretary requested to Mr.Hossain by a telegraph to meet him regarding the matter.
 
'''Evidence - 6: Telegraph Message by the Secretary of Finance'''
 
'''Source:''' ''The Author has received this document from HaqueHamidul, DG of the NAEM on 28<sup>th</sup> September 2015.''
 
Mr. K. A. Zaman, Finance Secretary of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Government issued a letter to the Northern Administrator, Mr.Fayezuddin Ahmed to coordinate all the matter. The letter, issued by the Mr. K. A. Zaman was as follows:
 
'''''“Govt. of the People's Republic of Bangladesh'''''
 
''Ministry of Finance, MUZIBNAGOR. Dated, 9<sup>th</sup> August, 1971''
 
''To''
 
''The Administrative Officer North Zone, Cooch Behar''
 
''Mr.AbulHossain MPA Who was sent to Delhi to collect the letter of authority from Binoy Krishna Das Chowdhury, Member of Parliament (Lok Sava) has come back with the authority letter. He is now carrying the same to Cooch Behar. You will now take necessary action to withdraw the sealed boxes and bags containing currency, coins & gold ornaments. As you know, these boxes are proposed to be brought to Calcutta along with the ones lying at Bagdora and also at Balurghat, you will therefore coordinate the withdraw of the boxes of all these three places and intimate us so that we can send a chartered plane to bring them to Calcutta.''
 
'''''K. A. Zaman'''''
 
''Secretary, Finance Department''
 
''Date: 9<sup>th</sup> August 1971. Memo No. FIN/15(1)''
 
''Copy to: Mr.AbulHossain MPA for information & necessary action''
 
''K. A. Zaman. Secretary, Finance Department”''
 
 
After receiving the letter of Ministry of Finance, Mr.Hossain met the Administrator of the Northern Zone and DC of the Cooch Behar. A Chartered Plane arrived within a couple of days. All the gunnies bags and Gold boxes were loaded in the plane and departure for Calcutta at golden afternoon. At the end of this entire arrangement in transpiring huge amount of money and gold, Mr.AbulHossain along with “Five other MPA”, who had a cherished dream of liberated Bangladesh were dropped their tears and relaxed breaths when the Chartered Plane take off from the Cooch Behar Airport. A historic meta-narrative was made due to unprecedented sacrifice and boldness of the bravo freedom fighters of Northern part of Bangladesh. We are now proud citizens of independent Bangladesh for the sake of their noble contribution and assiduous efforts. They should be accommodated not only in the golden page of the national history but also in the hearts of the upcoming generation forever.
 
 
In retrospect, Mr.Hossain had to attend different meetings conveyed by the various ministries of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. In such a meeting was conveyed by Minister-in-Charge of Law and Parliamentary Affairs of Mujibnagar government. He issued a letter on 28<sup>th</sup> June 1971 to attend a meeting to be held on 5<sup>th</sup> July 1971. The exact letter, signed by “Foreign Minister”[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn19|[19]]] was as follows:
 
'''“Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh'''
 
'''Ministry of Law and Parliamentary Affairs'''
 
'''Mujibnagar'''
 
Dated: June 28, 1971
 
Dear Sir,
 
You are cordially requested to attend a joint session of MNAs and MPAs of Bangladesh to be held on July 5, 1971 at 9 a.m. The venue of the session will be informed to you in person by representative of this Ministry.
 
SD (Signature) 28 / 6 / 1971
 
Minister-in-Charge”
 
The Minister of Law and Parliamentary Affairs
 
'''Evidence – 7: Letter to attend a joint session by''' the '''Foreign Minister'''
 
 
''Source:            The author received the photocopy of this image from Haque, Hamidul, DG of NAEM on 28<sup>th</sup> September 2015.''
 
 
In September – October, 1971, Mr.Hossain was seriously sick and admitted into Cooch Behar Hospital because of hard movement and tireless industry during liberation struggle. He had to move all the time from Cooch Behar to Kolkata for collecting youths and to turn them as Freedom Fighters as well as raising and generating required funds to mitigate the expenditures of refugees and training. At that time, he was quite unable to move for his serious illness and thus he wrote a letter to Prime Minister, Tajuddin Ahmed on 25<sup>th</sup> October 1971. In response to acknowledge that letter Mr. S. M. AlaulHaque, attached to PM replied him a letter on 15<sup>th</sup> November 1971, Memo No: PMS / 10 / 129. The exact copy of that letter is attached herewith:
 
'''Evidence – 8: Letter of the PM Office, signed by S. M. AlaulHaque'''
 
 
 
'''''Source:''''' ''Document received from HaqueHamidul, DG of the NAEM on 28<sup>th</sup> September 2015''
 
A detailed feature of adventure in the liberation war of 1971 of Mr.AbulHossain was published on 26<sup>th</sup> March 2006 (Bangali 1420) at the reputed daily newspaper of the ''MuktaKantho'' for the celebration of Independence Day. The caption and the title of the article were on a special issue on “Special Article on Independence and National Day: Lurid and Obscure Information of Liberation war” where the writer has explicitly been delineated how Mr.Hossain financially contributed to promote and reinforce our liberation war by looting 57 bags of currencies and 15 kg gold from the Kurigram government Treasury. The photocopy of that published feature is noted beneath.
 
'''Evidence – 9: A detailed feature of Mr.AbulHossain, published in the ''MuktaKantho'''''
 
 
''Source: Hard copy received from Haque, Hamidul, DG of NAEM (2015). This copy was transliterated by Professor Md. HamidulHaque. ''
 
'''■ Expectations and Achievements of Mr.AbulHossain, MP (Ex)'''
 
 
Mr.AbulHossain has now been suffering from various diseasesofdementia. He is just living a simple life with silent memories of past episodes of glorious movement as a hero of independence. He never desired to have aristocratic and sophisticated patterns of big boss rather he concentrated his entire life for the smile of unprivileged marginal people of Bangladesh. He does not like to lead a comfortable and luxurious lavish life-style; even all of his spouses (sons and daughters) are the best followers of his philosophical ideologies. Mr.Hossain never bothered about the balance sheet of his materialistic gain. As great man theory says, they born for others and they spent their total life for masses. Undoubtedly, it could be argued that he would be remained in the heart of the general people, especially the surrounding people of Lalmonirhat and other parts of northern districts of Bangladesh. Regrettably, the genuine and bona fide history of liberation war is still neglected; the heroes of 1971 are not properly evaluated and ignored by giving their proper honours by the subsequent governments. This is because since independence most of the years (1975 – 1990) were ruled by military dictators and within this period the anti-liberation forces, Pakistani collaborators and criminals as well as defeated forces of 1971 were revived and dignified by giving national flags and ministerial position in our state of affairs.  
 
 
The black-blurred history of Bangladesh shows that - it was Mr.AbulHossain who was arrested after the bloody coup d’état of 1975, because of his desperate protest and strong agitation against the derailed mid-ranked military juntas.  This military coup assassinated our great leader Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman along with all most all of his family members (except two of his daughters) brutally. Mr.Hossain was arrested on 14<sup>th</sup> September in the same year and he was pushed in the Kurigram jail for two years. A total of 18 litigations were filed against this patriotic man by the then military rulers who were strongly backed by the Pakistani collaborates and many other traitors of liberation war. Mr.Hossain was severely tortured both mentally and physically in the dark room of Lalmonirhat prison. He was asked to be a renegade and even he was offered to provide lucrative positions if he was to handshake with the military rulers but he loathed and rejected this offer and cordially accepted their inhuman political persecution.    
 
 
Mr.Hossain was freed from Rangpur prison on 7<sup>th</sup> March 1977 after two years of deplorable and barbarian life. After release from jail, he was bestowed with the post of President of Lalmonirhat Thana Awami League. In the year of 1986, the people of Lalmonirhat won him as a Member of Parliament, nominated by the Awami League for the third time defeating his strong rival ReazUddinVola Mia who was the then a Hon’ble Republic Speaker of the National Parliament of Bangladesh. Apart from these humanitarian efforts, Mr.Hossain was highly praised because of relief collection and distribution among the huge refugees sheltered in India. He acted as a coordinating member of relief collection and distribution for the North Zone (A) of Hathibandha and Kaligonj as well as Zone- B of Lalmonirhat and Fulbari committees. The head quarter of both the zones was in Patgram in that period.
 
 
As noted earlier, Mr.Hossain was a great educationist and enthusiastic for educational progress. He perceived that merely the education could enlighten a war-massacre nation and thus; he supported to renovate many educational institutions after the liberation of Bangladesh. Notably, Mr.Hossain assisted to rebuild all the burned and ransacked houses, especially for the village of Namatari, as this village were mostly affected by the adverse intensity of liberation war. He seriously insisted to restart primary education and he could manage all the required educational materials for the students though he was supported by local villagers in getting educational resources from various platforms. After the 44 years (1971 – 2015) of liberation war, like many other veteran freedom fighters, Mr.AbulHossain is about to departure because of his elderly diseases and many other anatomic complications, but there always remains a big question – how far we salute to them with their proper dignity and honours.      
 
'''■ Primary Data to Substantiate as a Patriotic Leader'''
 
 
A total of four professionally renowned and veteran socio-political leaders of the Lalmonirhat district and its surrounding areas are interviewed over telephone in view of receiving fresh row (primary) data to substantiate the argument that were claimed that Mr.AbulHossain is a real patriotic leader due to his substantial amount of contribution before and after the liberation war of Bangladesh. The aim of this analysis based on primary data is to substantiate the arguments with sufficient evidences and logic. They include:
 
 
● '''Abu Saleh Mohammad Sayeed, MP (Lalmonirhat – 3):'''
 
The author interviewed Mr. Abu Saleh Mohammad Sayeed, Honourable MP(Lalmonirhat – 3) on 7<sup>th</sup> November 2015 at 4.18 pm over telephone (01711 … 643) to substantiate the claim as a great leader and the contribution of Mr.AbulHossain during and after the liberation war of 1971 in Bangladesh. Mr.Sayeed was generous to pay his tribute to Mr.AbulHossain for a period of 25 minutes with the author. He stated that Mr.Hossain a tested leader and strong accompany of Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman since 1966 when he declared “Six Points Movement’ and subsequently Mr.Hossain vigorously initiated to speed-up the liberation war, particularly at the Northern part of Bangladesh. According to him (Mr.Sayeed, MP), undoubtedly Mr.Hossain was a great organizer of our great liberation but unfortunately the contribution of Mr.Hossain along with our four National Leaders have not properly been evaluated since independence because of the misinterpretation and alteration of the history of liberation war by the subsequent military regimes in Bangladesh. Mr.Sayeed, MP stated that he is determined to organize a mass reception to offer his gratitude on behalf of the Lalmonirhat people to uphold the contribution of Mr.AbulHossain based on his “life time” achievement very soon.
 
 
Mr.Sayeed, MP also agreed that Mr.Hossain’s was neglected and even many other leaders those who really sacrificed their lives in the liberation war and even those who are still alive have been surviving with a miserably life-style. “We should render our respect and even we should provide their owing dignity because of their enormous contribution in the liberation war in Bangladesh and thus, we can respect ourselves in a real sense” – he added finally.
 
 
● '''Safura Begum, MP (Reserved Seat – 2):'''
 
Safura Begum, Honourable MP (Reserved Seat -2) from Lalmonirhat was interviewed by the author of this article on 7<sup>th</sup> November 2015 at 5 30 pm through cell phone (01712 …056). Mrs.Safura sincerely expressed her views that Mr.AbulHossain is verified and purely a great leader both before and after independent in Bangladesh. He indeed tremendously promoted our liberation war by collecting necessary freedom fighters and by generating required funds for the refugees whose who were migrated from Bangladesh to India during the liberation war of 1971. It was a horrible experience during the liberation war when Mr.AbulHossain organized our great liberation war by depriving all of his family members and relatives. “Mr.Hossain is the pioneer and sole motivator of my involvement in politics. He is indeed my political guru and now I am performing my duties as a people’s representative (reserved seat) Bangladesh Parliament due to his direct encouragement and inspirational spirit.”
 
 
I am really grateful to him for his direct auspicious towards politics but regrettably I yet to fulfil his political philosophy for the betterment of our peoples’ fate as a whole but I am trying my best.” She candidly agreed that the subsequent governments did not evaluate his contribution in achieving our liberation from West-Pakistani dictatorship. She also assured that she would raise her strong voice in the upcoming parliamentary session for proper justice and political acknowledgement to Mr.Hossain who is still alive with us, so that his soul must get relief and peace before his final departure for eternal life.  Finally, she viewed that we would rarely have such type of patriotic leader like Mr.AbulHossain who in fact retains his entire political life within the Awami League’s ideologies and never betrayed with the party. That is why; he is genuinely a legendary and patriotic leader in Bangladesh.           
 
 
●'''MezbahUddin (Freedom Fighters’ Commander, Lalmonirhat District Unit):'''
 
The author also interviewed to Mr.MezbahUddin, Freedom Fighters’ Commander of Lalmonirhat District Unit on 12<sup>th</sup> October 2015 at 20.32 pm by cell phone (01773 … 400). Mr.Mezbah was very impetus in expressing his comments about Mr.AbulHossain. He said that Mr.Hossain was a real patriotic organizer of liberation war and mass people trusted him for his liberal outlook, irrespective of poor and rich as well religious perspectives.
 
 
He stated that most of the people of Lalmonirhat city and its surroundings were Biharies before the independence and the Bengali people were dominated by them. Before the liberation war, Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman came to Lalmonirhat city and Mr.AbulHossain organized a political meeting in this occasion. After the charismatic lecture of both Bangabandhu and Mr.Hossain, the people became more united and subsequently they attached on Pakistani-Beharies to get their arms and bullets. He stated that in everywhere a slogan was common that says “''VirBangaliOsroDhoro – Bangladesh SwadinKoro''” (i.e., Hero Bangali pick-up arms – let us to liberate our Bangladesh). For necessary fund raising, Mr.AbulHossain and his closest associates made small boxes and put them in different places for donation to mitigate the cost of migrated refugees of Bangladesh. It was clearly written on the boxes that please donate for the freedom fighters and refugees and that might speed-up our liberation war. These types of initiatives were taken by Mr.AbulHossain, ChittaRanjanDey and Abdul Quddus Master as well as many others associates and most of them are now expired forever. But sadly they are remembered by the auspicious of the subsequent government in Bangladesh. He said Mr.AbulHossain is still alive having severely damaged his movement but he is not properly honoured by the authority, like many others freedom freighters in Bangladesh.
 
 
● '''Gokul Roy (Senior Journalist, the Daily Songbad):'''
 
The researcher of this article interviewed Mr.Gokul Roy, who has been working as a Senior Journalist in the Daily ''Songba''d for the Northern part of Bangladesh.Mr. Roy stated that Mr.AbulHossain, ChittaRanjonDey (Commander) and ShamsulHaque were the leading and veteran leaders during the liberation war. He informed that Krishnah Kumar Ray, a central leader of the then Awami League came to Lalmonirhat along with Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman. And they were politically welcomed and entertained by the AbulHossain and ChittaRanjonDey. After their visit, all Bengalis people were motivated and encouraged for preparing themselves towards liberation war. Afterwards, they hijacked some arms from Bihari people and then the Bihari were frightened because of the unity, initiated by the AbulHossain (MPA). However, Mr.Gokul Roy expressed his deep gripe because of the negligence to the freedom fighters. He also stated that the real heroes of liberation war are rarely paid an appropriate attention after the independence and many of them are still deprived of their owing.
 
'''■ Concluding Segment in relation to Theory'''
 
Mr.AbulHossain (Ex. MP) is a portrait of honest and trustworthy political leader. In his entire life, he was never a renegade leader. He contained high moral values and populist ideologies in his life-long. Mr.Hossain fostered sincerity, dedication, pure nationalist spirit, tested-leader, strict personality and welfare thinker for the masses. He always retained himself out of greediness, selfish-thinking and immoral approaches.
 
'''Role Model'''
 
It has been said, ‘leadership is not what you do, but who you are.’ This, however, is true in view of Mr.Hossain. Leadership is very much related with “who you are, but it cannot be divorced from what you do”. Who you are represents the inner person (mental construction) and what you do represents the outer person (visible activities). Each is dependent on the other for maximum effectiveness for national growth. The starting point of motivational leadership is to begin seeing someone’s as a role model, as an example to others, like Mr.Hossain. One of the key characteristics of leader is that they set high standards of accountability for themselves and for their next generations as well. They assume that others are watching them and setting their own standards according to what they see.
 
'''Vision'''
 
This is the one single quality that, more than anything separates leaders from followers. Leaders have vision, of course. Followers do not, in a way. Leaders have the ability to stand back and see the big picture for visionary development. Followers are caught up in day-to-day activities. Leaders have developed the ability to fix their eyes on the horizon and see greater possibilities. Followers are those whose eyes are fixed on the ground in front of them and who are so busy that they seldom look at themselves and their activities in a larger context. Mr.Hossain is such a legendary leader who has had an effective and long-term vision for the people of Bangladesh. Many people do not yet realise that excellent performance in serving other people is an absolute, basic essential for survival in the economy of the future. Many individual leaders still adhere to the idea that as long as they are no worse than anyone else, they can remain in power. That is prehistoric thinking. We are now in the age of excellence and our followers assume that they will get excellent quality of service and if they do not, they will avoid and search for other option. But Mr.Hossain remains in the same position till to date since his inception in progressive politics in Bangladesh.
 
'''Integrity'''
 
This is perhaps the single most respected quality of a leader. Integrity is complete, unflinching honesty with regard to everything that someone says and does. Integrity underlies all the other qualities. The measure of integrity is determined by how honest a leader is in the critical areas of life. This is indeed a test of morality and patience of persuasion. I have been observed that Mr.Hossain passed this test during the critical juncture of liberation war of 1971. He fought not only for a liberated sovereign state but also his integral vision was to create an equitable and exploitation-free Bangladesh. Integrity means when someone asks to someone at the end of the day, “did you do your very best?” You can look him in the eye and say, ‘yes’. Integrity means when someone asks you if you could have done it better, you can honestly say, “no, I did everything, I possibly could.” Integrity means that you, as a leader, admit your shortcomings. It means that you work to develop your strengths and compensate for your weaknesses. Integrity means that you tell the truth and you live the truth in everything you do and in all your relationships. Integrity means that someone deals straightforwardly with people and situations and that s/he does not compromise what s/he believes to be true. This integral strong personality adhered with Mr.Hossain since his involvement in politics.  
 
'''Courage'''
 
This is the chief distinguishing characteristic of a true leader. It is almost always visible in the leader’s words and actions. It is absolutely indispensable to success, happiness and the ability to motivate other people to be the best they can be. In a way, it is easy to develop a big vision for someone and for the person someone wants to be. It is easy to commit by someone to living with complete integrity. But it requires incredible courage to follow through on vision and commitments. As soon as a leader sets a high goal or standard, s/he will run into all kinds of difficulties and setbacks. Someone will be surrounded by temptations to compromise values and vision. We have verified Mr.Hossain’s courageous adventures during the war of 1971 and thus it can be stressed that he is a real courageous man for a complete national integration.
 
'''Realism'''
 
Realism is a form of intellectual honesty. Political realism (Moseley, 2015) has been the dominant theory of international politics since the conception of the discipline (Dunne and Schmidt, 2007). The realist insists upon seeing the world as it really is, not as he wishes it were. This objectivity, thus refusal to engage in self-delusion, is a mark of the true leader. Two positivist schools of thought are most prevalent: realism and liberalism, though increasingly, constructivism is becoming mainstream (Reus-Smit, 2005: 209 – 216). These all are examples of self-delusion, of living in a fantasyland. The motivational leader insists on seeing things exactly as they are and encourages others to look at life the same way. As a motivational leader, Mr.Hossain was a real patriotic for own motherland and to foster our own traditional culture, norms and beliefs in our own ways.
 
'''Responsibility'''
 
This is perhaps the hardest quality to develop. The acceptance of responsibility means that, as Harry Truman said, “The buck stops here” (Mitford, 1951: 198 - 199)[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftn20|[20]]]. The game of life is very competitive and struggling. Sometimes, great success and great failure are separated by a very small distance. In watching the play-offs in basketball, baseball and football, we see that the winner can be decided by a single point and that single point can rest on a single action, or inaction, on the part of a single team member at a critical part of the game. Life is very much like competitive sports. Very small things that you do, or do not do, can either give you the edge that leads to victory or take away your edge at the critical moment. This principle is especially true with regard to accepting responsibility for yourself and for everything that happens to you. These are basic theoretical ethos and these are equally applicable in terms of our great hero, Mr.AbulHossain, who can be termed as a great leader based on his life-time contribution for a national development.
 
'''MotivatedPower'''
 
This brings us to five of the qualities of motivational leaders. These are qualities which we already have to a certain degree and that we can develop further to stand out from the people around us in a very short period of time. We become a motivational leader by motivating ourselves and we motivate ourselves by striving toward excellence, by committing ourselves to becoming everything we are capable of becoming. We motivate ourselves by throwing our whole heart into doing our job in an excellent fashion. We motivate ourselves and others by continually looking for ways to help others to improve their lives and achieve their goals. We become a motivational leader by becoming the kind of person others want to get behind and support in every way. Our main job is to take complete control of our personal evolution and become a leader in every area of our life. We could ask for nothing more and we should settle for nothing less. All of the attributes that have been explained in the above are adhered with the personality of Mr.AbulHossain. Therefore, he will always be staying in the heart of general people. 
 
 
This article was commenced by a great quote of Bruce Fairchild Barton, again it could be concluded and end-up with a famous dictum of the same person that says, “A man may be down, but he would never out.” It could be assured confidently that no one would be able to rub out the enormous contribution of Mr.AbulHossain as he was such a great man who had a delightful dream for a balanced and happiness Bangladesh. Spencer (1896: 34) stated that such great men are the products of their societies by nature and that their actions would be impossible without the social conditions built before their lifetimes (Robert, 1981: 171 -2; Monte, 1912: 18 and Sidney, 1950: 67). It could be assumed that our patriotic generation would uphold and foster his long-lasting dream by exposing his ideologies and strong patriotic commitment in future Bangladesh.
 
 
'''■ References'''
 
Ahsan, Badrul, S (2015). Flashback June, 1968. Agartala Conspiracy Case and its Ramifications.Ahsan is an Associate Editor, The Daily Observer. Friday, 19<sup>th</sup> June.
 
Bangladesh Awami League (2006). Political Profile of Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman. Visit Bangladesh Awami League website. Retrieved on 6<sup>th</sup> July 2006.
 
Barton, Bruce, F (1886 – 1967) was an American author, advertising executive and politician. He served in the US Congress from 1937 to 1940 as a Republican from New York.
 
BGA (2015). Bangladesh Genocide Archive:An online archive of chronology of events, documentations, audio, video, images, media reports and eyewitness accounts of the 1971 Genocide in Bangladesh in the hands of Pakistan army.Bangladesh Genocide Archive.
 
Carlyle, Thomas (1840). “The Hero as Divinity” in: Heroes and Hero-Worship.
 
== Dunne, T and Schmidt, B (2007).''The Globalization of World Politics'', Baylis, Smith and Owens, OUP Oxford; (4<sup>th</sup>eds,). ==
Hirsch, E. D (2002). ''The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy (Third Edition)'', Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.
 
Jacob F Field (2013). We Shall Fight on the Beaches: The Speeches That Inspired History.  Michael O’Mara.
 
Mitford M. Mathews (1951). ''A Dictionary of Americanisms on Historical Principles'' (Chicago, University of Chicago Press, I, (eds.). pages 198-199.
 
Monte, R. La Robert, (1912).''Socialism: Positive and Negative'', Chicago: Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company.
 
== Moseley, A (2015 retrieved).Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP). A peer reviewed Academic Journal. UK. ==
Rashid, Harun-or (2006). Rahman, (Bangabandhu) Sheikh Mujibur. ''Banglapedia''.Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.Retrieved 6<sup>th</sup> July.
 
Reus-Smit, C (2005). Constructivism.''Theories of International Relations (''eds.) Scott Burchill and et. al., Palgrave.
 
Robert, L. Carneiro (1981). Herbert Spencer as an Anthropologist.''Journal of Libertarian Studies'', vol. 5.
 
Roy, S. Dilip (2011). Call for National Recognition of Poet Sheikh FazlulKarim. Lalmonirhat. Wednesday, April 13, 2011. The Daily Star.
 
Sidney, Hook (1950). ''The Hero in History'', New York: Humanities Press.
 
Spencer, Herbert (1896). ''The Study of Sociology'', Appleton.
 
 
 
<br />
----[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref1|[1]]]  Ethnographic research is the study of cultures through close observation, reading and interpretation. ''Ethnography'' means folk, people, nation and is the systematic study of people and cultures. It is designed to explore cultural phenomena where the researcher observes society from the point of view of the subject of the study.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref2|[2]]]  Mr.AbulHossain first assured his seat as a Member of Provincial Assembly (MPA) in 1970, then 1973 and finally 1986 under the banner of the Bangladesh Awami League.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref3|[3]]]  Political Profile of Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman, 2006.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref4|[4]]]  Mujib was arrested by the army for Agartala Conspiracy Case, Mujib and 34 Bangali military officers were accused by the government of colluding with Indian government agents in a scheme to divide Pakistan and threaten its unity, order and national security (BGA, 2015). The plot was alleged to have been planned in Agartala, Tripura (Rashid, 2006). The government caved to the mounting pressure, dropped the charges on 22<sup>nd</sup> February 1969 and unconditionally released all of them. He returned to East Pakistan as a public hero (Ahsan, 2015). He was given a mass reception on 23<sup>rd</sup> February at Race Course ''Maidan'' (currently Suhrawardy''Udyan'') and conferred with the title “Bangabandhu” (“Friend of the Bengal”).
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref5|[5]]]  GolamHaider (Shisu), Advocate, Lalmonirhat District Judge Court; Professor HamidulHaque (Monto), DG of NAEM; LailaAnjumanAraBanu (Lucky), Assistant Teacher Md. Poet Sheikh FazlulKarim Senior Girls’ High School; LailaYasminAraBanu, Assistant Teacher of the Patgram Government Primary School; Abu Hayat Sohel (expired) and Kamal HossainMukut, Founding Director, Northern Pre-Cadet and Kindergarten.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref6|[6]]]Sheikh FazlulKarim or FazlulKarim''Sahityabisharad'' was an expert on Literature (9<sup>th</sup>April 1882– 28<sup>th</sup>September 1936). He was a famous Bangladeshi poet and writer, born at the village of Kakina in Rangpur district (Now Division). His one of the most popular poems is knows almost everyone that the lines: “''KothayeShorgo, KothayeNorok, KeBoley Ta Bohudur/ ManusherMajheyShorgoNorok, ManuseteyShurashur''” (Roy, Daily Star, 13<sup>th</sup>April 2011).
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref7|[7]]]  Among others, ChittaRanjan Deb, M. H. Kha, Anwar Hossain, MahatabPatowary, Mr.JahirUddin, Mr.MokulChowdhury, Mr.Nurul Islam (Sub-Registrar), Mr.Kashem and Mr.Mohsin Vender, Mr.Kofil Mia (Railway), Mr.Sekander and Mr.Mortaza Guard, Mr.Shamsuddin Ahmed and many others.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref8|[8]]]Magna Carta (the Great Charter) is a charter agreed by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor on 15<sup>th</sup> June 1215. First drafted by the Archbishop of Canterbury to make peace between the unpopular King and a group of rebel barons, it promised the protection of church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice and limitations on feudal payments to the Crown, to be implemented through a council of 25 barons.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref9|[9]]]The Agartala Conspiracy Case was the most fabricated and sedition case in Pakistan, brought by the Government of Pakistan in 1968 against Sheikh MujiburRahman and other 34 leaders of the Awami League of East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh).
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref10|[10]]]“Operation Searchlight” was a planned military operation carried out by the Pakistan Army to curb the Bangalinationalist movement in the erstwhile East Pakistan in March 1971, ordered by the central government in West Pakistan. The original plan envisioned taking control of the major cities on 26<sup>th</sup> March and then eliminating all opposition, political or military within one month. President Yahya Khan at a conference in February 1971 said “kill three million of them (Banglis) and the rest will eat out of our hands”.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref11|[11]]] Certificate of Congress leader Sri Rejendra Chandra Chatterjee to Mr.AbulHossain dated on 6<sup>th</sup> April 1971.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref12|[12]]] A letter from the Camp in charge, Bangladesh Youth Camp, Shahebgonj to Mr.AbulHossain, MPA, Bangladesh, Dated 28. 8. 71.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref13|[13]]]Mr.AbulHossain’s own statement after the liberation war of 1971 and that was documented in the various local journals and daily newspapers.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref14|[14]]] Personal interview with Mr.AbulHossain on 7<sup>th</sup> June 1993, conducted by Professor SonilKanti De, Dean, Faculty of Education, Bangladesh Open University.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref15|[15]]]The Provisional Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh was the government in exile-based in Calcutta, India, during the liberation war. It was formed officially on 10<sup>th</sup> April and the formal oath was taken on 17<sup>th</sup> April 1971 at the Mango Garden of BoidayanathTola, Meherpur under Kushtia district. The provisional government was formed with Syed Nazrul Islam as Acting President in absence of Father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman, Tajuddin Ahmed as Prime Minister and Colonel MAG Osmani as Chief of Army Staff.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref16|[16]]]MazharHossainChowdhury (MNA), AbdulHaki (MPA) and Shamsul Huda Chowdhury(MPA)
 
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref17|[17]]] The letter issued by Mr.Fayezuddin Ahmed,Zonal Administrator of Northern Zone is still preserved by ProfessorHamidulHaque (DG of NAEM), Second son of Mr.AbulHossain.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref18|[18]]] The original document is also still preserved by the second son of Mr.AbulHossain who has been working as the DG of NAEM in Dhaka.
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref19|[19]]]Here, it could be noted based on huge evidences of many investigations that it was he (Great conspirator and devil KhondkerMushtaque Ahmed), who indeed played palace-conspiracy as a great culprit in the history of Bangabandhu killing (15<sup>th</sup> August, 1975) along with all family members (except two daughters). The nature allows him to die as unpunished but of course; he will have to answer at the day of judgement.
 
 
[[আবুল হোসেন (রাজনীতিবিদ)#%20ftnref20|[20]]]The saying “the buck stops here” derives from the slang expression “pass the buck” which means passing the responsibility on to someone else. The sign “The Buck Stops Here” that was on President Truman’s desk in his White House office was made in the Federal Reformatory at El Reno, Oklahoma. Fred A. Canfil, then US Marshal for the Western District of Missouri and a friend of Mr. Truman, saw a similar sign while visiting the Reformatory and asked the Warden if a sign like it could be made for President Truman. The sign was made and mailed to the President on 2<sup>nd</sup> October
 
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