"বিজ্ঞান" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

ট্যাগ: মোবাইল সম্পাদনা মোবাইল ওয়েব সম্পাদনা
ট্যাগ: মোবাইল সম্পাদনা মোবাইল ওয়েব সম্পাদনা
During late antiquity, in the [[Byzantine empire]] many Greek classical texts were preserved. Many [[Syriac language|Syriac]] translations were done by groups such as the Nestorians and Monophysites.<ref name="history natural philosophy" /> They played a role when they translated Greek classical texts into Arabic under the [[Caliphate]], during which many types of classical learning were preserved and in some cases improved upon.<ref name="history natural philosophy" />{{efn|Alhacen had access to the optics books of Euclid and Ptolemy, as is shown by the title of his lost work ''A Book in which I have Summarized the Science of Optics from the Two Books of Euclid and Ptolemy, to which I have added the Notions of the First Discourse which is Missing from Ptolemy's Book'' From [[Ibn Abi Usaibia]]'s catalog, as cited in {{harv|Smith|2001}}{{rp|'''91'''(vol .1), p. xv}}}} In addition, the neighboring [[Sasanian Empire|Sassanid Empire]] established the medical [[Academy of Gondishapur|Academy of Gondeshapur]] where Greek, Syriac and Persian physicians established the most important medical center of the ancient world during the 6th and 7th centuries.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/745412|title=The Cambridge history of Iran.|date=1968-1991|publisher=University Press|others=Fisher, W. B. (William Bayne)|isbn=0521200938|location=Cambridge,|oclc=745412}}</ref>
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==মধ্যযুগীয় বিজ্ঞান==
 
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