"যৌনসঙ্গম" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

 
'''যৌনসঙ্গম''' ('''যৌনমিলন''', '''সঙ্গম''', '''মৈথুন''', '''রতিক্রিয়া''', '''রতিমিলন'''; '''যৌন সংসর্গ''', '''যৌন সহবাস''', '''সহবাস''' ইত্যাদি) হচ্ছে একটি জৈবিক প্রক্রিয়া যা দ্বারা মূলত যৌনআনন্দ বা প্রজনন বা উভয় ক্রিয়ার জন্য একজন পুরুষের উত্থিত [[শিশ্ন]] একজন নারীর [[যোনি|যোনিপথে]] প্রবেশ করানোকে বোঝায়।<ref name="Weiner2">{{cite book |author =Irving B. Weiner |author2 =George Stricker |author3 =Thomas A. Widiger|title =Handbook of Psychology, Clinical Psychology| publisher = [[John Wiley & Sons]] | year = 2012|accessdate=October 22, 2013| pages = 172–175|isbn = 1118404432|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=A_NaK3cwQSsC&pg=PA172}}</ref><ref name="Ferri">{{cite book|author=Fred F. Ferri|title=Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2013,5 Books in 1, Expert Consult&nbsp;— Online and Print,1: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2013|publisher=[[Elsevier Health Sciences]]|isbn=0323083730|year=2012|page=1134|accessdate=November 29, 2014|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=OR3VERnvzzEC&pg=PA1134}}</ref> অন্যান্য [[অন্তর্ভেদী যৌনসঙ্গম|অন্তর্ভেদী যৌনসঙ্গমের]] মধ্যে রয়েছে [[পায়ুসঙ্গম]] (লিঙ্গ দ্বারা মলদ্বার অনুপ্রবেশ), [[মুখমৈথুন]], [[অঙ্গুলিসঞ্চালন (যৌন ক্রিয়া)|অঙ্গুলিসঞ্চালন]] (আঙ্গুল দ্বারা যৌন অনুপ্রবেশ), যৌনখেলনা ব্যবহার দ্বারা অনুপ্রবেশ ([[বন্ধনীযুক্ত কৃত্রিম শিশ্ন]])।<ref name="health.discovery.com">{{cite web| title= Sexual Intercourse | publisher=[[Discovery Channel|Discovery.com]]| accessdate=January 12, 2008 | url=http://health.discovery.com/centers/sex/sexpedia/intercourse.html |archiveurl =https://web.archive.org/web/20080822040701/http://health.discovery.com/centers/sex/sexpedia/intercourse.html|archivedate = August 22, 2008}}</ref><ref name="Kar">{{cite book |author=Nilamadhab Kar |author2=Gopal Chandra Kar| title = Comprehensive Textbook of Sexual Medicine | publisher = [[Jaypee Brothers| Jaypee Brothers Publishers]]|pages=107–112| isbn = 8180614050|year=2005| accessdate = September 4, 2012 | url =https://books.google.com/books?id=YxcjMPbGHQIC&pg=PA107}}</ref><ref name="Rutter and Pepper">{{Cite book|author=Virginia Rutter|author2=Pepper Schwartz| title = The Gender of Sexuality: Exploring Sexual Possibilities| year = 2011 | publisher = [[Rowman & Littlefield|Rowman & Littlefield Publishers]] |page=76 | isbn = 0742570053|url= https://books.google.com/books?id=Gorf-_nueAoC&pg=PA76|accessdate= October 21, 2015}}</ref> এই সকল কার্যক্রম মূলত মানবজাতি কর্তৃক [[দলগত যৌনকর্ম|দুই বা ততোধিকের]] মধ্যেকার [[শারীরিক অন্তরঙ্গতা|শারীরিক]] ও [[আবেগীয় অন্তরঙ্গতা|মানসিক]] অন্তরঙ্গতা জনিত পরিতোষ লাভের জন্য এবং সাধারণত [[মানব বন্ধন|মানব বন্ধনে]] ভূমিকা রাখতে সম্পাদিত হয়ে থাকে।<ref name=health.discovery.com/><ref name="Diamond">{{বই উদ্ধৃতি|last=Diamond|first=Jared|authorlink = Jared Diamond| title = The Rise and Fall of the Third Chimpanzee| year = 1991 | publisher = Radius | pages = 360 pages<!-- Various pages in the book discuss all of these matters.-->|isbn = 0091742684|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=PQVFAQAAIAAJ|language=ইংরেজি|language=ইংরেজি}}</ref>
<!--Thereযৌনসঙ্গম বা অপরাপর যৌনকর্ম কীভাবে সংজ্ঞায়িত হয় তা নিয়ে ভিন্নমত রয়েছেThere are different views on what constitutes sexual intercourse or other [[Human sexual activity|sexual activity]],<ref name="Lerner">{{cite book | title = Handbook of Adolescent Psychology | publisher = [[John Wiley & Sons]] | year = 2004 | pages = 193–196 | accessdate = April 29, 2013 |isbn = 0471690449| url = https://books.google.com/books?id=_wXasY1HyAYC&pg=PA193|quote=When researchers use the term ''sex'', they nearly always mean sexual intercourse&nbsp;– more specifically, penile–vaginal intercourse... The widespread, unquestioned equation of penile–vaginal intercourse with sex reflects a failure to examine systematically 'whether the respondent's understanding of the question matches what the researcher had in mind.'| author = Richard M. Lerner| author-link = Richard M. Lerner| author2 = Laurence Steinberg| author2-link = Laurence Steinberg}}</ref><ref name="Carpenter">See [https://books.google.com/books?id=6qNCeI2AcY4C&pg=PT11&lpg=PT11 page 11 onwards] and [https://books.google.com/books?id=pXXZn_qSoDoC&pg=PA48 pages 47–49] for views on what constitutes virginity loss and therefore sexual intercourse or other sexual activity; source discusses how gay and lesbian individuals define virginity loss, and how the majority of researchers and heterosexuals define virginity loss/"technical virginity" by whether or not a person has engaged in penile–vaginal sex. {{Cite book|author=Laura M. Carpenter|title=Virginity Lost: An Intimate Portrait of First Sexual Experiences|publisher=[[New York University|NYU Press]]|year = 2005|accessdate=October 9, 2011|pages=295 pages |isbn=0-8147-1652-0|url=https://books.google.com/?id=pXXZn_qSoDoC}}</ref> whichযা can[[যৌনস্বাস্থ্য]] impactবিষয়ক onদৃষ্টিভঙ্গিগুলোর viewsউপর onপ্রভাব [[sexualরাখতে health]].পারে।<ref name="WHO, Sex">{{cite web|title=Defining sexual health: Report of a technical consultation on sexual health|publisher=[[World Health Organization]]|date=January 2002|accessdate=September 5, 2012|page=4|url=http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/gender_rights/defining_sexual_health.pdf|quote=In English, the term 'sex' is often used to mean 'sexual activity' and can cover a range of behaviours. Other languages and cultures use different terms, with slightly different meanings.}}</ref> Although ''sexual intercourse'', particularly the variant ''coitus,'' generally denotes penile–vaginal penetration and the possibility of creating [[offspring]],<ref name="Most common"/> it also commonly denotes penetrative oral sex and penile–anal sex, especially the latter.<ref name="Oral and anal">
*{{cite web| title= Sexual Intercourse | publisher=[[Discovery Channel|Discovery.com]]| accessdate=January 12, 2008 | url=http://health.discovery.com/centers/sex/sexpedia/intercourse.html |archiveurl =https://web.archive.org/web/20080822040701/http://health.discovery.com/centers/sex/sexpedia/intercourse.html|archivedate = August 22, 2008}}
*{{cite book |author=Nilamadhab Kar |author2=Gopal Chandra Kar| title = Comprehensive Textbook of Sexual Medicine | publisher = [[Jaypee Brothers| Jaypee Brothers Publishers]]|pages=107–112| isbn = 8180614050|year=2005| accessdate = September 4, 2012 | url =https://books.google.com/books?id=YxcjMPbGHQIC&pg=PA107}}
*{{Cite book| author = Ann O'Leary| title =Beyond Condoms: Alternative Approaches to HIV Prevention| isbn = 0306467313| publisher = [[Springer Publishing|Springer]] | year = 2002|page =155| accessdate= August 21, 2013|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=J3NT39hW474C&pg=PA155}}
*{{Cite book| author = Paula Kamen| title = Her Way: Young Women Remake the Sexual Revolution | isbn = 0814747337| publisher = [[New York University Press]]| year = 2000|pages = 74–77| accessdate= September 5, 2012|url=https://books.google.com/?id=9bXq3Qc4py0C&pg=PA74&lpg=PA74}}
*{{cite book|title=The Person With HIV/AIDS: Nursing Perspectives|edition=3rd|isbn = 8122300049|publisher=[[Springer Publishing|Springer Publishing Company]]|year=2000|page=103|accessdate=January 29, 2012|url=https://books.google.com/?id=WSCQ4L8kSXsC&pg=PA103|author1=Jerry D. Durham |author2=Felissa R. Lashley }}</ref> but non-penetrative sex may also be considered sexual intercourse.<ref name=health.discovery.com/><ref name="Kahn, Fawcett">{{cite book|title = The Encyclopedia of Mental Health | publisher = [[Infobase Publishing]] | year = 2008 | page = 111| accessdate = September 5, 2012 |isbn = 0816064547| url = https://books.google.com/?id=tTFYIh-HcYYC&pg=PA111&lpg=PA111|author1=Ada P. Kahn |author2=Jan Fawcett }}</ref> ''Sex'', often a shorthand for ''sexual intercourse'', can mean any form of sexual activity.<ref name="WHO, Sex"/><ref name="Randall">{{cite journal|title=What is sex? Students' definitions of having sex, sexual partner, and unfaithful sexual behaviour|journal=[[The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality]]|volume=12|issue=|pages=87–96|year=2003|pmid=|doi=|url=https://www.questia.com/googleScholar.qst?docId=5002088390|quote=Recently, researchers in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia have investigated university students' definitions of having sex. These studies found that students differ in their opinions of what sexual behaviours constitute having sex (Pitts & Rahman, 2001; Richters & Song, 1999; Sanders & Reinisch, 1999). While the vast majority of respondents (more than 97%) in these three studies included penile–vaginal intercourse in their definition of sex, fewer (between 70% and 90%) respondents considered penile–anal intercourse to constitute having sex. Oral-genital behaviours were defined as sex by between 32% and 58% of respondents.|author=Randall, H. E.|author2=Byers, S. E.|last-author-amp=yes}}</ref>যেহেতু এসকল যৌনকর্মের সময়ে মানুষ ্Because people can be at risk of contracting [[sexually transmitted disease|যৌনবাহিত সংক্রমণেসংক্রমণের]] সংস্পর্শের ঝুকিতেঝুঁকিতে থাকতে পারে during these activities,<ref name="Who">{{cite web| title = Global strategy for the prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections: 2006–2015. Breaking the chain of transmission| publisher = [[World Health Organization]]|year = 2007| accessdate=November 26, 2011|url=http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241563475_eng.pdf}}</ref><ref name="CDC">{{cite web|title = Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance| publisher = [[Centers for Disease Control and Prevention]] (CDC)| year = 2008|accessdate = December 6, 2011|url =https://www.cdc.gov/std/stats08/surv2008-Complete.pdf}} Also see [https://www.cdc.gov/std/stats08/2008survFactSheet.PDF Fact Sheet]</ref> [[নিরাপদ যৌনতা]] চর্চার পরামর্শ দেওয়া হয় practices are advised,<ref name="Who"/>যদিও অনাভেদী যৌনতায় althoughসংক্রমণ transmissionঝুঁকি riskউল্লেখযোগ্যহারে isহ্রাস significantlyপেয়ে reduced during non-penetrative sex.থাকে।<ref name="Hales">{{Cite book|author=Dianne Hales|title=An Invitation to Health Brief 2010–2011| publisher = [[Cengage Learning]]|year = 2008|accessdate=August 29, 2013|pages =269–271| isbn = 0495391921|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=oP91HVIMPRIC&pg=PA269}}</ref><ref name="Kumar">{{Cite book|author=Bhushan Kumar|author2=Somesh Gupta|title=Sexually Transmitted Infections| publisher = [[Elsevier Health Sciences]]|year = 2014|accessdate=December 6, 2014|page=237| isbn = 8131229785|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=kQ9tAwAAQBAJ&pg=PT237}}</ref> -->
 
বিভিন্ন আইনি বিধিমালা বেশ কিছু যৌনকর্মের বিপরীতে নিষেধাজ্ঞামূলক আইনকে স্থান দিয়েছে, যেমন বিবাহপূর্ব [[ব্যভিচার]] ও বিবাহপরবর্তী [[পরকীয়া]], [[পায়ুকাম][], পশুকাম, [[ধর্ষণ]], [[পতিতাবৃত্তি][], অপ্রাপ্তবয়স্কেরঅ[[প্রাপ্তবয়স্ক]]ের সঙ্গে যৌনচর্চা ও [[অজাচার]]। ধর্মীয় বিশ্বাসও যৌনসঙ্গমসহ অন্যান্য যৌনাচার বিষয়ক ব্যক্তিগত সিদ্ধান্তে অন্যতম ভূমিকা পালন করে, যেমন কুমারীত্ব বিষয়ক সিদ্ধান্ত,<ref name="Carpenter"/><ref name="Intimate">{{Cite book|author1=Bryan Strong |author2=Christine DeVault |author3=Theodore F. Cohen |title=The Marriage and Family Experience: Intimate Relationship in a Changing Society| publisher = [[Cengage Learning]]|year = 2010|accessdate=October 8, 2011 |page = 186| isbn = 0-534-62425-1|url=https://books.google.com/?id=qjvoSOMB5JMC&pg=PA186|quote=Most people agree that we maintain virginity as long as we refrain from sexual (vaginal) intercourse. But occasionally we hear people speak of 'technical virginity' [...] Data indicate that 'a very significant proportion of teens ha[ve] had experience with oral sex, even if they haven't had sexual intercourse, and may think of themselves as virgins' [...] Other research, especially research looking into virginity loss, reports that 35% of virgins, defined as people who have never engaged in vaginal intercourse, have nonetheless engaged in one or more other forms of heterosexual sexual activity (e.g., oral sex, anal sex, or mutual masturbation).}}</ref> অথবা আইনি বা সরকারী নীতিমালা সম্পর্কিত বিষয়াবলি। বিভিন্ন ধর্মভেদে ও একই ধর্মের বিভিন্ন শ্রেণীভেদে [[Religion and sexuality|যৌনতা সম্পর্কিত ধর্মীয় দৃষ্টিভঙ্গিতে]] উল্লেখযোগ্য পার্থক্য পরিলক্ষিত হলেও কিছু বিষয়ে অভিন্নতা রয়েছে, যেমন [[ব্যভিচার|ব্যভিচারের]] নিষেধাজ্ঞা।
 
<!--Reproductive sexual intercourse between non-human animals is more often called ''[[Copulation (zoology)|copulation]]'', and [[sperm]] may be introduced into the female's reproductive tract in non-vaginal ways among the animals, such as by [[cloaca]]l copulation. For most non-human [[mammal]]s, [[mating]] and copulation occur at the point of [[Estrous cycle|estrus]] (the most fertile period of time in the female's reproductive cycle), which increases the chances of [[Internal fertilization|successful impregnation]].<ref name="Kent">{{Cite book| author =Michael Kent| title = Advanced biology| isbn = 0199141959| publisher = [[Oxford University Press]] | year = 2000 |pages =250–253|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=8aw4ZWLABQkC&pg=PA250|accessdate=October 21, 2015}}</ref><ref name="Thorpe">{{Cite book| author = Showick Thorpe| author2 = Edgar Thorpe | title = The Pearson General Studies Manual 2009, 1/e | publisher = [[Pearson Education|Pearson Education India]]| year = 2009 |page = 1.79 | isbn =8131721337 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=oAo1X2eagywC&pg=RA1-PR17|accessdate=October 21, 2015}}</ref> However, [[bonobo]]s, [[dolphin]]s and [[chimpanzee]]s are known to engage in sexual intercourse regardless of whether or not the female is in estrus, and to engage in [[Homosexual behavior in animals|sex acts with same-sex partners]].<ref name="Non-human">
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