* Most academics are or have been faculty members ([[professor]]s) at colleges or universities. Also, many academics hold or have held academic or research positions in various academic research institutes (such as [[NIH]], [[CNRS]], etc.). However, academics, in the sense of the above definition, ''may also work outside academia'' (e.g., in industry, financial sector, government, as a clinical physician, as a practicing lawyer, etc.) and their primary job ''does not'' have to be academic in nature if they are known for their academic achievements; conversely, if they are notable for their primary job, they do not have to be notable academics to warrant an article.
* School teachers at the [[secondary education]] level, sometimes also called professors, are not presumed to be academics and may only be considered academics for the purposes of this guideline if they are engaged in substantial scholarly research and are known for such research. Rather, they are evaluated by the usual rules for notability in their profession.