"সেলযুক সাম্রাজ্য" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

সম্পাদনা সারাংশ নেই
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'''সেলজুক''' (অথবা '''সেল্ডজুক''' কখনো '''সেলজুক তুর্ক'''; [[তুর্কী ভাষা|তুর্কী ভাষায়]]: Selçuklular; [[ফার্সি ভাষা|ফার্সি ভাষায়]]: سلجوقيان সেলজুকাইন; [[আরবি ভাষা|আরবি ভাষায়]]: سلجوق সালজুক বা السلاجقة আল-সালাজিকা) [[সুন্নী|সুন্নী মুসমান]] সাম্রাজ্য যারা ১১ শতক থেকে ১৪ শতক পর্যন্ত [[মধ্য এশিয়া]] এবং [[মধ্য প্রাচ্য]] শাসন করেছেন।
{{For|the ruling dynasty of the empire|Seljuq dynasty}}{{Infobox former country
| conventional_long_name = Seljuk Empire
| common_name = Seljuk Empire
| native_name = {{Plainlist|
* {{lang-tr|Büyük Selçuklu Devleti}}
* {{lang-fa|سلجوقيان }} Salcūqiyān
}}
| continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East
| region = the Middle East
| government_type = Monarchy
| status = [[Empire]]
| year_start = 1037
| year_end = 1194
| event_start = [[Tughril]] formed the state system
| event_end = Replaced by the [[Khwarezmian Empire]]<ref>{{cite book |last=Grousset |first=Rene |title=The Empire of the Steppes |location=New Brunswick |publisher=Rutgers University Press |year=1988 |pages=159, 161 |quote=In 1194, Togrul III would succumb to the onslaught of the Khwarizmian Turks, who were destined at last to succeed the Seljuks to the empire of the Middle East. |isbn=0-8135-0627-1 }}</ref>
| image_coat = Seljuqs Eagle.svg
| symbol = Oksoko
| symbol_type = Imperial Symbol
| image_flag =
| flag_type = Imperial Flag <br />{{small|[[Blue]] [[Simorgh]] of the [[Seljuk]].}}
| flag_border = no
| image_map = Seljuk Empire locator map.svg
| image_map_caption = Great Seljuq Empire in its zenith in 1092,<br /> upon the death of [[Malik Shah I]]
| capital = [[Nishapur]]<br />{{small|(1037–1043)}}<br /> [[Rey, Iran|Rey]]<br />{{small|(1043–1051)}}<br />[[Isfahan]]<br />{{small|(1051–1118)}}<br /> [[Hamadan]], {{small|Western capital}} {{small|(1118–1194)}}<br /> [[Merv]], {{small|Eastern capital}} {{small|(1118–1153)}}
| title_leader = [[Seljuq dynasty#Seljuq leaders|Sultan]]
 
| leader1 = [[Tughril|Toghrul I]] (first)
| year_leader1 = 1037–1063
 
| leader2 = [[Toghrul III of Seljuq|Toghrul III]] (last)<ref>''A New General Biographical Dictionary'', Vol.2, Ed. Hugh James Rose, (London, 1853), 214.</ref><ref>Grousset, Rene, ''The Empire of the Steppes'', (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1988), 167.</ref>
| year_leader2 = 1174–1194
 
| stat_year1 = 1080 est.
| stat_area1 = 3900000
 
| common_languages = *[[Persian language|Persian]] <small>(official & court language; lingua franca)<ref name="ReferenceA">{{cite book |editor-last=Savory |editor-first=R. M. |title=Introduction to Islamic Civilisation |location= |publisher=Cambridge University Press |year=1976 |page=82 |isbn=0-521-20777-0 }}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last=Black |first=Edwin |title=Banking on Baghdad: Inside Iraq's 7,000-year History of War, Profit and Conflict |location= |publisher=John Wiley and Sons |year=2004 |isbn=0-471-67186-X |page=38 }}</ref><ref name="Bosworth">C.E. Bosworth, "Turkish Expansion towards the west" in ''UNESCO History of Humanity'', Volume IV, titled "From the Seventh to the Sixteenth Century", UNESCO Publishing / Routledge, p. 391: "While the Arabic language retained its primacy in such spheres as law, theology and science, the culture of the Seljuk court and secular literature within the sultanate became largely Persianized; this is seen in the early adoption of Persian epic names by the Seljuk rulers (Qubād, Kay Khusraw and so on) and in the use of Persian as a literary language (Turkish must have been essentially a vehicle for everyday speech at this time)."</ref></small>
* [[Oghuz languages|Oghuz Turkish]]<ref name="Bosworth" /><ref>''Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World'', Ed. Keith Brown, Sarah Ogilvie, (Elsevier Ltd., 2009), 1110; "Oghuz Turkic is first represented by Old Anatolian Turkish which was a subordinate written medium until the end of the Seljuk rule."</ref> {{small|(dynastic and military language)}}
* [[Arabic language|Arabic]] <small>(language of learning and religion<ref name="ReferenceA"/><ref name="Bosworth" />)</small>
 
| p1 = Oghuz Yabgu State
| flag_p1 = AD 750OguzYabgu.png
 
| p2 = Ghaznavid Empire
| flag_p2 = Ghaznavid Empire 975 - 1187 (AD).PNG
 
| p3 = Buyid dynasty
| flag_p3 = Buyids 970.png
 
| p4 = Byzantine Empire
| flag_p4 = JustinianusI.jpg
 
| p5 = Kakuyids
| flag_p5 = KakuyidMapHistoryofIran.png
 
| s1 = Sultanate of Rûm
| flag_s1 = Flag of Sultanate of Rum.svg
 
| s2 = Anatolian beyliks
| flag_s2 = Anadolu Beylikleri.png
 
| s3 = Ghurid Dynasty
| flag_s3 = Ghurids1200.png
 
| s4 = Khwarezmian Empire
| flag_s4 = Khwarezmian Empire 1190 - 1220 (AD).PNG
 
| s5 = Ayyubid dynasty
| s6 = Atabegs of Azerbaijan
| s7 = Burid dynasty
| s8 = Zengid dynasty
| s9 = Danishmends
| s10 = Artuqid dynasty
| s11 = Saltukids
 
| today = {{Collapsible list
| titlestyle = font-weight:normal; background:transparent; text-align:left;
| title = Countries today
| {{flag|Afghanistan}}
| {{flag|Armenia}}
| {{flag|Azerbaijan}}
| {{flag|Egypt}}
| {{flag|Georgia}}
| {{flag|Iran}}
| {{flag|Iraq}}
| {{flag|Israel}}
| {{flag|Jordan}}
| {{flag| Kazakhstan}}
| {{flag|Kuwait}}
| {{flag| Kyrgyzstan}}
| {{flag|Lebanon}}
| {{flag|Nagorno-Karabakh}}
| {{flag|Oman}}
| {{flagicon|Palestine}} [[Palestinian Authority]]| {{flag|Russia}}
| {{flag| Saudi Arabia}}
| {{flag|Syria}}
| {{flag| Tajikistan}}
| {{flag|Turkey}}
| {{flag|Turkmenistan}}
| {{flag|UAE}}
| {{flag|Uzbekistan}}
| {{flag|Yemen}}
}}
}}
{{History of the Turks pre-14th century}}
{{History of Turkey}}
{{History of Greater Iran}}
 
'''সেলজুক''' (অথবা '''সেল্ডজুক''' কখনো '''সেলজুক তুর্ক'''; [[তুর্কী ভাষা|তুর্কী ভাষায়]]: Selçuklular; [[ফার্সি ভাষা|ফার্সি ভাষায়]]: سلجوقيان সেলজুকাইন; [[আরবি ভাষা|আরবি ভাষায়]]: سلجوق সালজুক বা السلاجقة আল-সালাজিকা) [[সুন্নী|সুন্নী মুসমান]] সাম্রাজ্য যারা ১১ শতক থেকে ১৪ শতক পর্যন্ত [[মধ্য এশিয়া]] এবং [[মধ্য প্রাচ্য]] শাসন করেছেন।
==তথ্যসূত্র==
{{reflist}}
{{অসম্পূর্ণ}}
 
১৪,৯০৫টি

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