"প্রাচীন চীনের যুদ্ধরত রাজ্য কাল" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

পরিবর্ধন
(পরিবর্ধন)
(পরিবর্ধন)
 
[[সাতটি যুদ্ধরত রাজ্য]] দ্বারা এই সময়ের রাজনৈতিক (ভূগোল) অঞ্চল নিয়ন্ত্রিত হতো, যেগুলো হলো:
* '''[[কুইন রাজ্য]]''': The State of Qin was in the far west, with its core in the [[Wei River Valley]] and [[Guanzhong]]. This geographical position isolated it from the states of the Central Plains, which limited its initial influence but also afforded it protection from other states.
* '''তিন জিনস্‌ রাজ্য''': Northeast of Qin, on the [[Shanxi]] plateau, were the three successor states of [[Jin (Chinese state)|Jin]]. These were:
*; '''[[হান রাজ্য]]''', south, along the [[Yellow River]], controlling the eastern approaches to Qin.
*; '''[[ওয়ি রাজ্য]]''', middle.
*; '''[[ঝাও রাজ্য]]''', the northernmost of the three.
* '''[[কুই রাজ্য]]''': located in the east of China, centred around the [[Shandong Peninsula]], described as east of [[Mount Tai]] but whose territory extended far beyond.
* '''[[চু রাজ্য]]''': located in the south of China, with its core territory around the valleys of the [[Han River (Yangtze River tributary)|Han River]] and, later, the [[Yangtze River]].
* '''[[ইয়ান রাজ্য]]''': located in the northeast, centred around modern-day [[Beijing]]. Late in the period [[Gojoseon–Yan War|Yan pushed northeast]] and began to occupy the [[Liaodong Peninsula]]
 
এই সাতটি প্রধান রাজ্য ছাড়াও অন্যান্য কিছু অপ্রধান রাজ্যেরও এই সময় উদ্ভব ঘটে।
 
** On the southeast coast near [[সাংহাই]] was the State ofছিলো [[য়্যুই রাজ্য]], which was highly active in the late Spring and Autumn era but was eventually annexed by Chu.
* In the far southwest in [[সিচুয়ান]] were the States of [[বা রাজ্য]] andএবং [[সু রাজ্য]]। These were non-Zhou states that were conquered by Qin late in the period.
* In the [[মধ্যচীন]], comprising much of modern-day [[হেনান প্রদেশ]], many smaller city states survived as satellites of the larger states, though they would eventually be absorbed as well.
* ঝাও এবং ইয়ান রাজ্যের মধ্যে ছিলো [[ঝোংশান রাজ্য]], যা খ্রিষ্টপূর্ব ২৯৬ অব্দে ঝাও সাম্রাজ্য কর্তৃক অধিগৃহীত হয়।
 
== ইতিহাস ==
 
== পাদটীকা ==
{{reflist}}
 
== তথ্যসূত্র ==
* {{citation |last=Ebrey |first=Patricia Buckley |last2=Walthall |first2=Anne |last3=Palais |first3=James B. |year=2006 |title=Pre-Modern East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History
|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=YukVl8fUr48C&dq |place=Boston |publisher=Houghton-Mifflin Company |isbn=0-618-13386-0}}.
* {{citation |last=Lewis |first=Mark Edward |chapter=Warring States Political History |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=cHA7Ey0-pbEC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA587#v=onepage&q&f=false |editor-last=Loewe |editor-first=Michael |editor2-last=Shaughnessy |editor2-first=Edward L. |year=1999 |title=The Cambridge history of ancient China: from the origins of civilization to 221 B.C. |publisher=Cambridge University Press |pages=587–649}}.
* {{citation |last=Tzu |first=Sun |authorlink=Sun Tzu |last2=Griffith |first2=Samuel B. |year=1963 |title=The Art of War |place=New York |publisher=Oxford University Press}}
 
== অতিরিক্ত পঠন ==
* Li Xueqin. ''Eastern Zhou and Qin Civilizations''. Trans. K.C. Chang. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985. ISBN 0-300-03286-2.
* Yap, Joseph P. (2009). ''Wars With The Xiongnu, A Translation from [[Zizhitongjian|Zizhi tongjian]]''. AuthorHouse, Bloomington, Indiana, U.S.A. ISBN 978-1-4490-0604-4.
 
== বহি:সংযোগ ==
{{Commons|Warring States Period}}
* [http://www.umass.edu/wsp/ Warring States Project], [[University of Massachusetts Amherst]]
* [http://ctext.org/dynasty.pl?if=en&dynasty=27 Rulers of the warring states] – [[Chinese Text Project]]
 
[[বিষয়শ্রেণী:চীন]]
[[বিষয়শ্রেণী:প্রাচীন চীন]]
[[বিষয়শ্রেণী:ঝাও রাজত্ব]]
[[বিষয়শ্রেণী:চীনের ইতিহাস]]
 
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