"নোম চম্‌স্কি" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

তথ্যছক
(বট: 96 গুলো আন্তঃসংযোগ সরিয়ে নেওয়া হয়েছে, যা এখন উইকিউপাত্ত এর d:q9049 এ রয়েছে)
(তথ্যছক)
{{Infobox philosopher<!-- Philosopher category -->
[[চিত্র: Noam chomsky cropped.jpg|210px|thumb|right|নোম চম্‌স্কি]]
|region = [[পাশ্চাত্য দর্শন]]
|era = বিংশ শতকের দার্শনিক
|color = #B0C4DE
|name = নোম চম্‌স্কি
|other_names = আভ্রাম নোম চম্‌স্কি
|image = Chomsky.jpg
|image_size = 230px
|caption = ভ্যানকুভরে নোম চম্‌স্কি, ২০০৪ সালের ছবি
|birth_date = {{Birth date and age|mf=yes|1928|12|7}}
|birth_place = [[ফিলাডেলফিয়া]], [[পেনসিলভ্যানিয়া]]
|death_date =
|alma_mater = [[পেনসিলভ্যানিয়া বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়]] বিএ ১৯৪৯, এমএ ১৯৫১, পিএইচডি ১৯৫৫
| institutions = [[Massachusetts Institute of Technology|MIT]] (1955–present)
|school_tradition = উৎপাদনশীল ভাষাবিজ্ঞান, বিশ্লেষণমূলক দর্শন
|main_interests = [[ভাষাবিজ্ঞান]]{{·}} <br>[[গণিত]]<br>[[মনোঃবিজ্ঞান]]<br>মনের দর্শন<br> [[রাজনিতী]], [[নিতীবিদ্যা]]
|religion = নেই (নাস্তিক)<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.edge.org/discourse/bb.html#chomsky |title=The Reality Club: BEYOND BELIEF |publisher=Edge.org |date= |accessdate=2013-05-29}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.equaltimeforfreethought.org/2007/05/27/show-219-noam-chomsky-chomsky-on-humanism/ |title=Show 219: Noam Chomsky – "Chomsky on Humanism" &#124; Equal Time For Freethought &#124; Tune in, Pay it Forward, and Question Everything! |publisher=Equal Time For Freethought |date=2007-05-27 |accessdate=2013-05-29}}</ref>
|notable_ideas = {{collapsible list|title={{nbsp}}|[[Generative grammar]]<br>[[Universal grammar]]<br>[[Transformational grammar]]<br>[[Context-sensitive grammar]]<br>[[Deterministic context-free grammar]]<br>[[Context-free grammar]]<br>[[Phrase structure grammar]]<br>[[Formal grammar]]<br>[[Generative linguistics]]<br>[[Cartesian linguistics]]<br>[[Transformational syntax]]<br>[[Government and binding]]<br>[[X-bar theory]]<br>[[Chomsky hierarchy]]<br>[[Digital infinity]]<br>[[Principles and parameters]]<br>[[Minimalist program]]<br>[[Language acquisition device]]<br>[[Linguistic competence]]<br>[[Innateness hypothesis]]<br>[[Poverty of the stimulus]]<br>[[Levels of adequacy]]<br>[[Psychological nativism]]<br>[[Second-language acquisition]]<br>[[Statistical language acquisition]]<br>[[Speech community]]<br>[[Plato's Problem]]<br>[[Deep structure]]<br>[[Cognitive closure (philosophy)|Cognitive closure]]<br>"[[Colorless green ideas sleep furiously]]"<br>[[Language]]<br>[[Markedness]]<br>[[Mentalism (philosophy)|Mentalism]]<br>[[Merge (linguistics)|Merge]]<br>[[m-command]]<br>[[Parasitic gap]]<br>[[Phonology]]<br>[[Scansion]]<br>[[Subjacency]]<br>[[Symbol (formal)|Symbol]]<br>[[Immediate constituent analysis]]<br>[[Linguistic performance]]<br>[[Innate language]]<br>[[Non-configurational language]]<br>[[Recursion|Recursion in language]]<br>[[Phrase structure rules]]<br>[[Tensed-S condition]]<br>[[Specified subject condition]]<br>[[Empty category principle]]<br>[[Structure preservation principle]]<br>[[Trace erasure principle]]<br>[[Projection Principle]]<br>[[Extended Projection Principle]]<br>[[Axiom of categoricity]]<br>[[Logical Form]]<br>[[Chomsky–Schützenberger theorem]]<br>[[Chomsky Normal Form]]<br>[[Terminal and nonterminal symbols]]<br>[[Formal democracy]]<br>[[Intellectual responsibility]]<br>[[Bought priesthood]]<br>[[Corporate media]]<br>[[Elite media]]<br>[[Media manipulation]]<br>[[Self-censorship]]<br>[[propaganda model]]<ref name="Safty letter">{{Harvnb|Safty|1994}}.</ref>}}
|influences = [[Dwight Macdonald]],<ref>{{cite video |people=Noam Chomsky |date=September 22, 2011 |title=Noam Chomsky on the Responsibility of Intellectuals: Redux |url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PK9W5DE7ZtQ |medium= |language= |trans_title= |publisher=Ideas Matter |location= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate=October 16, 2011 |time=09:23 |id= |isbn= |oclc= |quote= |ref= }}</ref> [[Bertrand Russell]],<ref>{{cite web|last=Barsky|first=Robert F.|title=Chomsky and Bertrand Russell|url=http://cognet.mit.edu/library/books/chomsky/chomsky/1/10.html|work=Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent|accessdate=October 29, 2011}}</ref> [[Alex Carey]],<ref>{{cite book|last=Chomsky|first=Noam|title=Class Warfare: Interviews with David Barsamian|year=1996|publisher=Pluto Press|location=London|pages=28–29|quote=The real importance of Carey's work is that it's the first effort and until now the major effort to bring some of this to public attention. It's had a tremendous influence on the work I've done.}}</ref> [[Pāṇini]], [[Ludwig Wittgenstein]], [[John Dewey]], [[Mikhail Bakunin]], [[Peter Kropotkin]], [[Wilhelm von Humboldt]], [[Adam Smith]], [[Zellig Harris]], [[Rudolf Rocker]], [[David Hume]], [[Immanuel Kant]], [[René Descartes]], [[George Orwell]], [[C. West Churchman]], [[Alan Turing]], [[Willard Van Orman Quine|W. V. O. Quine]], [[Russian literature]], [[Hebrew literature]]<ref>{{cite web|author=Noam Chomsky |url=http://www.chomsky.info/books/reader01.htm |title=Personal influences, by Noam Chomsky (Excerpted from The Chomsky Reader) |publisher=Chomsky.info |date= |accessdate=2013-05-29}}</ref>
|influenced = [[Colin McGinn]], [[Edward Said]], [[Christopher Hitchens]], [[Steven Pinker]], [[John Searle]], [[Daniel Dennett]], [[Stephen Jay Gould]], [[Niels Kaj Jerne]], [[Crispin Wright]], [[Peter Ludlow]], [[Tanya Reinhart]], [[Morris Halle]], [[Gilbert Harman]], [[Jerry Fodor]], [[Daniel Everett]], [[Howard Lasnik]], [[Robert Fisk]], [[Neil Smith (linguist)|Neil Smith]], [[Ray Jackendoff]], [[Norbert Hornstein]], [[Jean Bricmont]], [[Marc Hauser]], [[Norman Finkelstein]], [[Robert Lees (linguist)|Robert Lees]], [[Hugo Chávez]], [[Mark Baker (linguist)|Mark Baker]], [[Julian C. Boyd|Julian Boyd]], [[Ray C. Dougherty]], [[Derek Bickerton]], [[Amy Goodman]], [[Michael Albert]], [[Donald Knuth]], [[John Backus]], [[Aaron Swartz]], [[Ann Nocenti]]<ref name=SequentialTart>Keller, Katherine (November 2, 2007). [http://www.sequentialtart.com/article.php?id=737 "Writer, Creator, Journalist, and Uppity Woman: Ann Nocenti"]. ''Sequential Tart''.</ref>
}}
 
'''আভ্রাম নোম চম্‌স্কি''' ([[ইংরেজি ভাষা|ইংরেজি ভাষায়]] Avram Noam Chomsky) (জন্ম [[ডিসেম্বর ৭]], [[১৯২৮]]) [[ম্যাসাচুসেটস ইন্সটিটিউট অফ টেকনলজি|ম্যাসাচুসেটস ইন্সটিটিউট অফ টেকনলজির]] [[ভাষাবিজ্ঞান]] বিভাগের সংখ্যাতিরিক্ত [[ইন্সটিটিউট অধ্যাপক]]। চম্‌স্কিকে বিংশ শতাব্দীর তাত্ত্বিক ভাষাবিজ্ঞানের সবচেয়ে গুরুত্বপূর্ণ তত্ত্ব "সৃষ্টিশীল ব্যাকরণ"-এর জনক হিসেবে গণ্য করা হয়।
* [[Propaganda model]]
* [[The Professors: The 101 Most Dangerous Academics in America]] by [[David Horowitz]]
==তথ্যসূত্র==
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== বহিঃসংযোগ ==